Yearbooks

Programme: LLM International Law (Coursework)

Code Faculty Duration Credits Download
04252008 Faculty of Law Duration of study: 2 years Total credits: 200
Contact:
Prof AG Nienaber
[email protected]
+27 (0)124205778
Prof DD Tladi
[email protected]
+27 (0)124203111

Programme information

Closing date for applications: SA applicants – 30 November; non-SA applicants – 31 August.

This programme is available for international students.

Unless stated otherwise, the curriculum will generally consist of:

  • Three modules counting 30 credits each (at least one of these modules must be completed during the first year of registration).
  • A module in research methodology (RHP 801) counting 5 credits (this module must be completed during the first year of registration).
  • A research proposal (RHP 803) counting 5 credits. The student must submit the research proposal (RHP 803) to the supervisor not later than the end of the first semester of the second year of registration for the LLM degree, prior to commencing with the writing of the mini-dissertation. This period may be extended with the approval of the head of department.
  • A mini-dissertation is required. The examination copy of the mini-dissertation must be submitted to the Student Administration not later than the end of October for the Autumn Graduation Ceremony and the end of April for the Spring Graduation Ceremony and end of August for the December ceremony. After approval of the examination copy of the mini-dissertation, a final version must be submitted to Student Administration on or before 15 February for the Autumn Graduation Ceremony and 15 July for the Spring Graduation Ceremony and 15 November for the December graduation ceremony. This mini-dissertation must deal with the subject content of one of the modules or a combination of the modules registered for by the student for his/her LLM degree. Any request for an extension of the period for submission of the mini-dissertation may only be granted by the Postgraduate Committee on recommendation of the head of department.
  • Also consult General Regulations G.30-G.56 as well as the LLM Policy Document of the Faculty.

Admission requirements

An LLB, BProc or equivalent qualification from a foreign university that allows the applicant entrance to the formal legal profession.

In addition to an LLB, BProc or equivalent qualification from a foreign university that allows the applicant entrance to the formal legal profession, the following requirements are set for admission of a prospective student to the LLM Coursework programme:

A minimum average mark of 65% with respect to the prescribed final-year modules of the undergraduate programme is required for admission to an LLM coursework programme.

Where an average of below 65% is achieved, the student may be admitted on recommendation of the relevant head of department after consultation with the programme coordinator and consideration of other merits (eg relevant professional experience; the applicant’s performance in undergraduate modules related to the particular LLM; the candidate’s performance in independent research essays or similar components) and/or an admission examination.

Linguistic competence, primarily in English; foreign applicants who did not complete undergraduate studies through the medium of English must show proof of competence in English at a minimum average level of 6 out of 10 for IELTS or a minimum total score of 83 in TOEFL calculated as follows: reading 21, listening 17, speaking 23 and writing 22. In any other instance where there is doubt as to the English linguistic competence of an applicant, the Dean may require the same proof as prescribed for foreign applicants. 

Foreign qualifications are subject to SAQA evaluation. (Some LLM coursework programmes or modules as indicated in the yearbook may only be available to students who hold a relevant South African legal qualification.)

Even though a student may comply with the above requirements, the Dean may, on the recommendation of the head of department presenting a specific degree or module, refuse to accept a prospective student for any LLM programme if such a student's performance in the chosen modules or field of study during undergraduate study was not satisfactory. Alternatively, the Dean could set additional requirements with a view to admission

An admission examination may also be required in respect of a particular programme or module.

Particular LLM programmes have additional selection criteria and deadlines specific to those programmes.

Additional requirements

A limited number of approximately between 10 and 25 students are selected per year according to the general selection guidelines.
In addition to the general admission requirements, the following specific selection criteria are used in combination to select the eligible students:

  • a demonstrated professional, academic and personal interest in and commitment to international air, space and telecommunications law;
  • an indication that the applicant would be likely to put the qualification to good use in his or her future career, preferably in his or her country of origin (the „multiplier effect?);
  • geographic representation (in the sense that an overrepresentation of students from a particular African country will be avoided, given the pan-African scope and ambitions of the programme);
  • (gender representation (in the sense that an equitable balance between women and men is sought);
  • equitable representation of persons from vulnerable communities (such as persons with disabilities, persons belonging to indigenous communities and LGBTI persons).

Duration
The duration of the programme will in general be four semesters (2 years) but may be completed within two semesters (1 year) where possible, subject to fulfilment of all the requirements for the degree and payment of the full amount prescribed for the LLM degree. Programmes may also be structured to allow for one year of study only. The one- or two-year period may only be extended by the Postgraduate Committee on recommendation of the Head of Department based on good reason shown and if it is clear that the student will be able to complete the programme in a further year of study.

General admission requirements

In addition to an LLB, BProc or equivalent qualification from a foreign university that allows the applicant entrance to the formal legal profession, the following requirements are set for admission of a prospective student to the LLM Coursework programme:

A minimum average mark of 65% with respect to the prescribed final-year modules of the undergraduate programme is required for admission to an LLM coursework programme.

Where an average of below 65% is achieved, the student may be admitted on recommendation of the relevant head of department after consultation with the programme coordinator and consideration of other merits (eg relevant professional experience; the applicant’s performance in undergraduate modules related to the particular LLM; the candidate’s performance in independent research essays or similar components) and/or an admission examination.

Linguistic competence, primarily in English; foreign applicants who did not complete undergraduate studies through the medium of English must show proof of competence in English at a minimum average level of 6 out of 10 for IELTS or a minimum total score of 83 in TOEFL calculated as follows: reading 21, listening 17, speaking 23 and writing 22. In any other instance where there is doubt as to the English linguistic competence of an applicant, the Dean may require the same proof as prescribed for foreign applicants. 

Foreign qualifications are subject to SAQA evaluation. (Some LLM coursework programmes or modules as indicated in the yearbook may only be available to students who hold a relevant South African legal qualification.)

Even though a student may comply with the above requirements, the Dean may, on the recommendation of the head of department presenting a specific degree or module, refuse to accept a prospective student for any LLM programme if such a student's performance in the chosen modules or field of study during undergraduate study was not satisfactory. Alternatively, the Dean could set additional requirements with a view to admission

An admission examination may also be required in respect of a particular programme or module.

Particular LLM programmes have additional selection criteria and deadlines specific to those programmes.

Other programme-specific information

  1. The Faculty of Law offers a short course in public international law prior to the commencement of the first semester of each year. Prospective LLM International law students are strongly encouraged to enrol in this course, so as to ensure that all students will have the required knowledge to pursue studies in international law at postgraduate level.
  2. This is a selection programme and only selected applicants will be admitted to the programme.
  3. One of a specified list of modules may be substituted with any other LLM coursework module as recommended by the programme coordinator and approved by the head of department.
  4. The mini-dissertation must comprise 13 000-15 000 words – including footnotes but excluding the list of contents and the bibliography.
  5. The following are the core modules and possible electives for this degree but not all of them are offered every year. Please contact the faculty to find out which of these modules will be offered.

AIL 802   Advanced international law (30 credits)

MCL 801 Applied international law (30 credits)

and ONE of the following modules:                  

TBL 802 Advanced transnational business law [prerequisite: TBR 420] (30 credits)

ICL 802 International criminal law (30 credits)

IEL 801 International environmental law (30 credits)

IIL 801 International insolvency law (30 credits)

SRI 801 Socio-economic rights under comparative and international law (30 credits)

Examinations and pass requirements

In the event of having failed all modules during a particular year of study, a student will only be allowed to continue with his/her studies with the consent of the Postgraduate Committee. Although no supplementary examination will be granted with regard to LLM and MPhil modules, the General Regulations (Regulation G.12.3 and G.12.6) apply with regard to special and ancillary examinations.

Research information

The relevant head of department must recommend a supervisor and title for a mini-dissertation and these must be approved by the Postgraduate Committee. The mini-dissertation must be assessed and finalised as set out in the Faculty Board-approved LLM Policy Document of the Faculty. Mini-dissertations, where required, must be submitted in the format determined by the supervisor and approved by the Postgraduate Committee. The supervisor may likewise and subject to the approval of the Postgraduate Committee also determine the research topic and the scope of the proposed research.

Pass with distinction

For the degree to be awarded with distinction a student must obtain an average of at least 75% for all the coursework modules, as well as a minimum of 75% for the mini-dissertation. The modules must have been written for the first time.

General information

Language policy
The medium of instruction will be English. However, should circumstances allow it, an LLM module may be presented in Afrikaans. The Dean, in consultation with the relevant head of department, determines the language policy.

Period of registration
At the commencement of a particular module students should be registered for that module and attend the lectures. Alternatively, the permission of the programme coordinator or head of the department should be obtained before a student may be allowed to follow a specific module in a another year of study.

Limiting of modules on offer in a particular academic year and availability to foreign students
The Dean determines which modules will be presented each year, taking into consideration the availability of lecturing personnel, space and financial implications and/or other circumstances. The Dean may, on recommendation of the relevant head of department, determine the maximum number of registrations for a specific elective module in terms of the prescribed guidelines. The Dean may also, on recommendation of the relevant head of department, determine that a particular LLM module will not be offered where on the first day of lectures four or fewer students are registered for such module.

In the case of foreign students additional requirements may be set by the Dean and the modules available to such students may also be limited.

Replacement of modules
The Dean may, on recommendation of the relevant Head of Department, allow a student to replace one prescribed LLM module for a particular master's programme with another LLM module where such an exception is not otherwise permitted, on condition that good cause is shown why such an exception is required.

Credit for modules completed at another institution
The Dean may, on the recommendation of the relevant head of department, credit a student for a maximum of two modules completed at another institution on condition that it complies with the requirements of this Faculty. Where such modules do not bear the same titles as modules offered at this Faculty, modules with substantially the same content as determined by the relevant head of department may be granted credit in their place, or where, in the absence of such closely related modules, modules that are still relevant within the broad ambit of a specific LLM degree may be granted credit under special codes for the purposes of such a degree. Additional requirements may also be set before any such module will be granted credit in order to ensure compliance with the requirements of this Faculty.

Credit for non-legal components
In order to qualify for an LLM degree with non-legal components, the specific degree can at most include one non-legal module of the prescribed number of modules from a related field, and with the special permission from the Faculty Board.
Note that credit will not be given for modules which form part of another degree where the student has already complied with the requirements of such a degree. This rule is also applicable in instances where the student is currently also registered for another degree.

Re-registration for modules
A student may not register more than twice for the same module. In order to pass a module the student must obtain a final mark of 50%.

Minimum credits: 100

Core modules

  • Module content:

    The topics covered include:
    (a) International humanitarian law
    (b) Use of force
    (c) Terrorism
    (d) Humanitarian intervention
    (e) Extradition
    (f) Diplomatic law

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  • Module content:

    The module deals with the principles of international law at an advanced level. It focuses on theoretical questions pertaining to sources of the law and the relationship between international and national law. It analyses new developments in international law such as the changing content of sovereignity and the phenomenon of regional integration.

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  • Module content:

    (a) Planning and organising a research project
    (b) Drafting a research proposal: Hypotheses and research question
    (c) Theory in research and methodological approaches to legal research
    (d) Language
    (e) Citation and ethics of citation
    (f) Drafting of chapters and presentation

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Minimum credits: 200

Core modules

  • Module content:

    This module involves advanced study of the following:

    1. Key concepts and principles of international environmental law
    2. Climate change
    3. Biodiversity
    4. Hazardous substances and activities
    5. Responsibility and liability for environmental harm
    6. Oceans and the law of the sea

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  • Module content:

    The module comprises a capita selecta from contemporary issues relating to the law of international insolvency. Aspects dealt with include the following:
    (a) Modern trends and developments in insolvency law
    (b) Current issues in international insolvency law
    (c) Cross-border insolvency law systems in South Africa as well as in selected other jurisdictions

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  • Module content:

    (a) The student must submit a research proposal during his/her first year of registration for the LLM degree to the supervisor prior to commencing with the writing of the mini-dissertation.
    (b) A mini-dissertation (MND 800) of 13 000 to 15 000 words inclusive of footnotes but excluding the list of contents and the bibliography, is required. The mini-dissertation must be submitted to the supervisor not later than August of the second year of registration for the LLM programme. The mini-dissertation must deal with the subject content of one of the modules or a combination of the modules registered for by the student for his/her LLM degree. Any request for an extension of the period for submission of the mini-dissertation may only be granted by the Dean on recommendation of the LLM Committee

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  • Module content:

    (a) Protection of socio-economic rights in other domestic jurisdictions, in particular in Africa (b) Introduction to international human rights law (c) Socio-economic rights in the UN human rights system (d) Socio-economic rights in the African human rights system (e) Socio-economic rights in the European human rights system (f) Socio-economic rights in the Inter-American human rights system (g) Socio-economic rights in other emerging regional human rights systems

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  • Module content:

    Development and presentation of a research proposal. (A research proposal must be submitted to the supervisor and accepted in the first semester of the second year of study before the student will be allowed to register for the mini-dissertation.)

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The information published here is subject to change and may be amended after the publication of this information. The General Regulations (G Regulations) apply to all faculties of the University of Pretoria. It is expected of each student to familiarise himself or herself well with these regulations as well as with the information contained in the General Rules section. Ignorance concerning these regulations and rules will not be accepted as an excuse for any transgression.

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