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2021:01 Towards less-invasive non-invasive ventilation in preterm neonates

2021:02 Identifying children with community-acquired pneumonia at risk for admission to ICU

2021:03 Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy (also known as Less-Invasive Surfactant Therapy)

2021:04 Access to and risks of specialised sport codes among adolescent athletes

2021:05 Non-pharmacological interventions to reduce pain from neonatal procedures

2021:06 A look into massage therapy in children and adolescents

2021:07 Do platelets play a specific role in ductal closure in preterm infants?

2021:08 Interesting findings in relation to maternal autoimmune disease and ADHD

2021:09 Transcranial pulsed current and transcutaneous nerve stimulation in children with CP

2021:10 A possible role for lung ultrasound in the management of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)

2021:11 Buccal dextrose gel to prevent hypoglycaemia in at-risk neonates

2021:12 Importance of diagnosing developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)

2021:13 Lung ultrasound for diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in children and adolescents

2021:14 Respiratory outcome in <1500g preterm neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis

2021:15 Outpatient treatment of community acquired pneumonia in children: 5 vs. 10 days of amoxicillin





2020:01 Renewed interest in intravenous immunization against TB  
2020:02 Measuring Nitric Oxide in diagnosis and management of respiratory disease  
2020:03 Paediatric renal transplant results in Johannesburg academic public and private facilities  
2020:04 Impact of adrenaline on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in patients aged 8-17 years  
2020:05 A refresher on anti-histamines  
2020:06 Measurement of DNA methylation as an aid to diagnosis of brain cancers in children
2020:07 First reports on corona COVID-19 epidemic in China
2020:08 Factors influencing weight gain during childhood and adolescence
2020:09 Relationship between quantity and quality of sleep and overweight/obesity in children
2020:10 School closure as a COVID risk-mitigation strategy
2020:11 Obesity as a risk factor for telomere shortening
2020:12 Update on indications for placement of tympanostomy tubes/grommets
2020:13 Should we be on the lookout for COVID related Kawasaki-like Disease in children?
2020:14 Does glycosylation of immunoglobulins reduce susceptibility to COVID-19 in children?
2020:15 Use and abuse of nootropics as cognitive enhancers
2020:16 Fish oil-containing parenteral nutrition to reduce retinopathy of prematurity?
2020:17 What is sub-clinical hypothyroidism in children and how should one treat it?
2020:18 Proton pump inhibitors and fracture risk in children
2020:19 Cognitive functioning in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD)
2020:20 Probiotics likely protect against necrotizing enterocolitis but how much of which one is best?
2020:21 The importance of concurrent infection in a host’s response to vaccination
2020:22 Risk of hypertension in adulthood if children are hypertensive
2020:23 Time to rethink criteria for treating bronchiolitis with high flow nasal cannula (HFNC)?
2020:24 Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in foster children and adoptees
2020:25 Breath-testing for sucrase deficiency in children and adolescents
2020:26 Aminoglycosides added to the list of risk factors for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
2020:27 Children with MIS-C (multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19)
2020:28 Impact of chorioamnionitis on postnatal neurodevelopment
2020:29 How well are sub-Saharan countries managing malaria in children?
2020:30 Are there long-term implications of morbidity-related DNA methylation in preterm neonates?
2020:31 Lactic acidosis in acute moderate and severe asthma in children and adolescents
2020:32 Lung ultrasound (LUS) for differentiating between bacterial and viral pneumonia
2020:33 Bosentan for treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN)
2020:34 Zinc is an ineffective adjunct to treatment in childhood pneumonia
2020:35 Interesting findings in relation to kernicterus in black infants
2020:36 The paediatric gut microbiome – what do and don’t we know about it?



2019:01 Do platelet transfusions place neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) at risk? 
2019:02 Auditory and speech function after cochlear implantation in prelingually deaf children 
2019:03 Scoring febrile infants to predict bacteraemia and meningitis
2019:04 Lung ultrasound (US) for diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis
2019:05 Exhaled breath temperature (EBT) as a monitoring tool in childhood and adolescent asthma
2019:06 Childhood epilepsy after 50 years of follow-up
2019:07 Prediction of readmission for haemorrhage after adenotonsillectomy
2019:08 Is there a need to review oxygen administration targets in order to decrease incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity?
2019:09 Weight-reduction, visceral adipose tissue and insulin resistance in obese adolescents
2019:10 Is brace treatment effective for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) with curve >40°?
2019:11 Making sense of meta-data
2019:12 Maternal smoking and risks for foetus and/or offspring
2019:13 Delivery room resuscitation of 23-27 week preterm infants
2019:14 Refining the assessment of apnoea in infants
2019:15 Adenosine 5’ Monophosphate (AMP) challenge for diagnosis of asthma in children
2019:16 Gestational age inversely proportional to development of chronic kidney disease (CKD)
2019:17 Managing childhood asthma
2019:18 Mortality in rural children with cerebral palsy (CP)
2019:19 Assessment of heart rate variability (HRV) in preterm neonates
2019:20 Mask vs. prongs for nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infants
2019:21 Update on foetal alcohol syndrome
2019:22 ADEM and anti-NMDAR encephalitis – similarities and differences
2019:23 Dysbiosis and diabetes – chicken or egg?
2019:24 Support for legislation protecting children and adolescents from the hazards of smoking
2019:25 How should one treat child contacts of patients with drug-resistant TB?
2019:26 Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
2019:27 Developmental bone accrual and fracture risk
2019:28 Questions regarding use of metformin for treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)
2019:29 Mental illness in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD)
2019:30 Magnesium sulphate for management of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE)
2019:31 Association between prenatal maternal anaemia and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring
2019:32 Magnesium sulphate infusions for severe paediatric status asthmaticus
2019:33 Does e-cigarette use predict marijuana use in adolescents and young adults?
2019:34 Is intussusception after rotavirus (RV) vaccination still ‘a thing’?
2019:35 Twenty-year follow-up of statin therapy in children with familial hypercholesterolaemia
2019:36 Infections in children with diabetes
2019:37 Is there a case for screening children and adolescents for suicide risk?
2019:38 Are antibiotic stewardship programmes (ASPs) effective?
2019:39 Lung involvement in Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP)
2019:40 Review of neurotoxicity in neonates exposed to hyperbilirubinaemia



2018:01 Retrospective studies into bloodstream infections and antibiotic resistance patterns
2018:02 Does a tobacco 'sin tax' impact on paediatric smoke exposure and asthma severity?
2018:03 Mortality associated with Influenza and Respiratory Syncitial Virus (RSV) 2009-13
2018:04 Risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) may increase with low carbohydrate maternal diet
2018:05 More concern about antenatal steroids for late preterm and early term deliveries
2018:06 Do we need to do more to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?
2018:07 Low levels of arachidonic acid and development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)
2018:08 Evaluating networks of newborn cortical activity
2018:09 Parvovirus B19 infection in children with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)
2018:10 Aspirin for mothers at risk for pre-eclampsia (PE) significantly improves neonatal outcome
2018:11 Does Hepatitis B vaccine (hBv) in infancy confer long-term immunity?
2018:12 Infant mortality rates and causes of death in the United States among full-term births
2018:13 Impaired left ventricular function following preterm birth
2018:14 Adolescent cannabis use and risk of psychosis
2018:15 Risk of cannabis use in adolescent e-cigarette smokers
2018:16 Vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) and neonatal outcome
2018:17 Vitamin D for primary and secondary prevention of asthma?
2018:18 What about folic acid supplementation and cleft lip and palate?
2018:19 MicroRNA (miRNA) profiles to detect/predict cerebral palsy in preterm infants
2018:20 Update on fluid replacement in young patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
2018:21 Non-surgical correction of abnormally-shaped ears
2018:22 Multilevel surgery (MLS) in children, adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy (CP)
2018:23 Drugs as triggers of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU)
2018:24 HIV in South Africa 2017/18
2018:25 Do telomeres shorten in children whose fathers are absent?
2018:26 Is enough being done to decrease myopia progression in children?
2018:27 Associations between fractures and asthma status in children
2018:28 Enteral feeding method affects fat and energy intake in preterm infants
2018:29 The gut microbiome in patients with intestinal failure
2018:30 Does autonomic nervous system development in preterm neonates play a role in retinopathy?
2018:31 Genetics of ADHD in the 21st Century
2018:32 Is weakly-acid gastro-oesophageal reflux (WAGOR) clinically significant?
2018:33 Adenovirus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
2018:34 Update on congenital hyperinsulinism
2018:35 What about the microbiome in babies born preterm?
2018:36 Access to marijuana and advocacy role for paediatricians
2018:37 Is autism related to prenatal exposure to drugs affecting neurotransmitter systems?
2018:38 Urinary hepcidin for diagnosing iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA)
2018:39 Adverse effects of cannabis abuse or dependence during pregnancy
2018:40 Inguinal hernia repair in premature infants



2017:01 Neonatal hearing screening in South Africa
2017:02 Reducing group B streptococcal diasease in African settings
2017:03 Mortality of HIV-infected infants despite access to antiretroviral therapy (ART)
2017:04 Grey matter volumes and psychiatric symptoms in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants
2017:05 Risk factors for hearing impairment in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants
2017:06 Neurology of rotavirus in neonates, infants and children
2017:07 Predicting parental cardiovascular mortality on the basis of birthweight of offspring
2017:08 Complications of adolescent Type 1 vs Type 2 diabetes mellitus
2017:09 Rotavirus genotype changes before and after vaccine introduction
2017:10 Does maternal sugar-containing beverage (SCB) intake during pregnancy affect childhood BMI?
2017:11 Intravitreal anti-VEGF (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) and retinopathy of prematurity
2017:12 Non-operative management (NOM) of appendicitis in children
2017:13 Antenatal steroids for late preterm births
2017:14 Upper airway obstruction as a cause of nocturnal enuresis in children
2017:15 Management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
2017:16 Outcomes in children treated for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
2017:17 Risk of motor vehicle accident (MVA) in medically-treated vs. untreated ADHD
2017:18 Efficacy of zinc as an adjunct to treatment of severe pneumonia in infants and children
2017:19 Role of rhinovirus in the acquisition and transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae
2017:20 Association between non-cow milk (NCM) intake and lower height during childhood
2017:21 What's the optimal oxygen range for the smallest preterm infants?
2017:22 Morbidity and mortality of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants according to time of birth
2017:23 Osteoporosis in children and adolescents
2017:24 Relationship between childhood illnesses and osteoporosis
2017:25 Management of secondary osteoporosis in children and adolescents
2017:26 What are the risks of polio epidemics as we progress into the 21st century?
2017:27 Is folic acid (FA) supplementation during pregnancy completely benign?
2017:28 The 'Double Burden of Malnutrition' (DBM) in Africa
2017:29 Association between maternal vitamin D levels and babies born small for gestational age (SGA)
2017:30 Birth asphyxia, cerebral palsy and the placenta
2017:31 More on predicting hypoxic problems at birth and after neonatal hypoxia/asphyxia
2017:32 Medical marijuana (MM) in South Africa
2017:33 Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis
2017:34 Update on diagnosis and outcome of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE)
2017:35 Where are we in terms of neuroprotection in neonates with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy?
2017:36 Back to multiple sclerosis (MS); does the 'hygiene hypothesis' play a role?
2017:37 Management of Adult Congenital Heart Disease
2017:38 Benefits of antenatal care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)
2017:39 HIV confirmatory testing in early infant diagnosis programmes
2017:40 Antenatal steroids for near-term elective caesarean delivery
- Author Prof. Alan Rothberg

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