Recent Publications

  1. Assèdé E. S. P., Biaoua S. S. H., Chirwa P. W., Tonouewa J. F. M. F., Valdés Velarde E., 2023. Low-cost agroforestry technologies for climate change mitigation and adaptation in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 356: 29-42. Doi :
  2. Makhubele, L., Araia, M.G. & Chirwa, P.W. Harvesting distance effect on tree species diversity in traditional agroforestry landscape: a case of Vhembe Biosphere Reserve in South Africa. Biodivers Conserv (2023).
  3. Assèdé ESP, Biaou SSH, Azihou AF, Orou H, Geldenhuys CJ and Chirwa PW (2023) Trees response to selective thinning and pruning in Sudanian woodland zone. Front. For. Glob. Change 6:1108323. doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2023.1108323
  4. Jean Moussa Kourouma, Darius Phiri, Andrew T. Hudak & Stephen Syampungani (2022) Land use/cover spatiotemporal dynamics, and implications on environmental and bioclimatic factors in Chingola district, Zambia, Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, 13:1, 1898-1942,
  5. Jean Moussa Kourouma, Concillia Monde, Darius Phiri, Stephen Syampungani (2023). Community-centred approach for assessing social sustainability in mining regions: A case study of Chingola district, Zambia. Sustainable Development. 2023;1–26.,
  6. Chia, E.L., Nsubuga, F.W., Chirwa, P.W. 2023. Learning from the past to guide the future: a SWOT-AHP analysis of tree-based land restoration endeavours in the Northern Sahel region of Cameroon.  International Forestry Review Vol.25(1), 15-26
  7. Shamaoma, H.; Chirwa, P.W.; Zekeng, J.C.; Ramoelo, A.; Hudak, A.T.; Handavu, F.; Syampungani, S. Use of Multi-Date and Multi-Spectral UAS Imagery to Classify Dominant Tree Species in the Wet Miombo Woodlands of Zambia. Sensors 2023, 23, 2241.
  8. Nalukui Matakala, Paxie WC. Chirwa, Theodore M. Mwamba, Stephen Syampungani  2023. Species richness and phytoremediation potential of mine wastelands-native trees across the Zambian Copperbelt Region, HELIYON (2023),   DOI:
  9. Assede, E.S.P., Orou, H., Biaou, S.S.H. et al. Understanding Drivers of Land Use and Land Cover Change in Africa: A Review. Curr Landscape Ecol Rep (2023).
  10. Uisso, A.J., Chirwa, P.W., Ackerman, P.A. et al. Do Community Perceptions of Forest Management and Conservation Vary Across Wealth Groups? The Case of the Kilosa REDD + Initiative in Tanzania. Hum Ecol (2023).
  11. Chirwa PW, Musokwa M, Mwale SE, Handavu F, Nyamadzawo G. Agroforestry systems for mitigating climate change and reducing Carbon Footprints of land-use systems in Southern Africa. Carbon Footprints. 2023; 2(1):1.
  12. Shamaoma H, Chirwa PW, Ramoelo A, Hudak AT, Syampungani S. The Application of UASs in Forest Management and Monitoring: Challenges and Opportunities for Use in the Miombo Woodland. Forests. 2022; 13(11):1812.
  13. Makhubele, Lucky, Paxie W. Chirwa, Jonathan P. Sheppard, Ratsodo P. Tshidzumba, Mulugheta G. Araia, and Hans-Peter Kahle. 2022. "Conservation of Tree Species Richness in a Traditional Agroforestry Landscape in the Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa" Forests 13, no. 11: 1766.
  14. Harold L.W. Chisale, Paxie W. Chirwa & Folaranmi D. Babalola (2022): Awareness, Knowledge and Perception of Forest Dependent Communities on Climate Change in Malawi: A Case of Mchinji and Phirilongwe Forest Reserves in Malawi, Journal of Sustainable Forestry,
  15. Opeyemi Adeyemi, Paxie W. Chirwa, Folaranmi Dapo Babalola, Assessing local people's perceptions and preference for ecosystem services to support management plan in Omo Biosphere Reserve, Nigeria, Environmental Development, 2022,
  16. Lucky Makhubele, Paxie W Chirwa & Mulugetha G Araia (2022) The influence of forest proximity to harvesting and use of provisioning ecosystem services from tree species in traditional agroforestry landscapes, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2022.2107104
  17. Lucky Makhubele, Ratsodo Tshidzumba & Paxie Chirwa (2022): What benefit-sharing mechanisms can help forestry-based land restitution beneficiaries in South Africa? The case of Limpopo province forestry projects, Forests, Trees and Livelihoods,
  18. Tshidzumba, R.P., Clarke, J. and Chirwa, P.W., 2022. Commercial timber plantations as a means to land and economic restitution in South Africa. In:  Janette Bulkan, John Palmer, Anne M. Larson, Mary Hobley (Eds.). Routledge Handbook of Community Forestry. pp. 103-119. Routledge. DOI
  19. Ratsodo Phillip Tshidzumba, Paxie Wanangwa Chirwa 2022. Forest-based land reform partnerships in rural development and the sustenance of timber markets. Learning from two South African cases, Forest Policy and Economics, 140,
  20. Bohn Reckziegel, R.; Mbongo, W.; Kunneke, A.; Morhart, C.; Sheppard, J.P.; Chirwa, P.; du Toit, B.; Kahle, H.-P. Exploring the Branch Wood Supply Potential of an Agroforestry System with Strategically Designed Harvesting Interventions Based on Terrestrial LiDAR Data. Forests 2022, 13, 650.
  21. M.F.K. GONDWE, P.W.C. CHIRWA, M.A. CHO, C.J. GELDENHUYS and R.P. TSHIDZUMBA. 2022. Key drivers of LULCC in co-managed and government-managed forest reserves in Malawi (1999–2018). International Forestry Review, 24(1): 1-14.
  22. A.J. UISSO, P.W. CHIRWA, P.A. ACKERMAN and L. MBWAMBO. 2022. Understanding community awareness, knowledge 113 and perceived importance of Land-Use Plans and Village Land Forest Reserves in the context of REDD+ in Tanzania. International Forestry Review, 24(1): 113-128.
  23. Uisso, A.J., Chirwa, P.W. & Ackerman, P.A. Forest management and conservation under the REDD + initiative: community perspectives across an altitudinal gradient in the Rubeho Mountain Ecosystem in Tanzania. SN Soc Sci 1, 286 (2021).
  24. A Chichinye, CJ Geldenhuys & PW Chirwa (2021) Disturbance impacts on the persistence niche of key species in the Baikiaea–Guibourtia–Pterocarpus woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2021.1944394
  25. D. Assogba, R. Idohou, P. Chirwa, A.E. Assogbadjo (2022). On opportunities and challenges to conserve the African baobab under present and future climates in Benin (West Africa), Journal of Arid Environments 198,
  26. Chisale HLW, Chirwa PW, Babalola FD, Manda SOM. Perceived Effects of Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events on Forests and Forest-Based Livelihoods in Malawi. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):11748.
  27. Chirwa, P.W.; Kamwi, J.M.; Kabia, G.; Makhubele, L.; Sagona, W.; Matakala, N.; Gondo, P. 2021. The impacts of COVID-19 on the sustainable management of the forestry sector in Southern Africa. International Forestry Review, Volume 23(3): 298-308.
  28. Mwelwa Mwape Malunga, Moses Azong Cho, Paxie Wanangwa Chirwa, Olusegun Adedayo Yerokun 2021. Land use induced land cover changes and future scenarios in extent of Miombo woodland and Dambo ecosystems in the Copperbelt province of Zambia, African Journal of Ecology 0(0)
  29. Mangwende, E., Truter, M., Aveling, T.A.S., Chirwa P.W.C. 2021. Anthracnose leaf spot pathogens, Colletotrichum fructicola and Colletotrichum cigarro, associated with Eucalyptus seed produced in South Africa. Australasian Plant Pathol. (2021).
  30. Ferdinand Handavu, Stephen Syampungani, Gudeta W. Sileshi & Paxie W. C. Chirwa (2021): Aboveground and belowground tree biomass and carbon stocks in the miombo woodlands of the Copperbelt in Zambia, Carbon Management,
  31. Faura M.C. Amade, Carel J. Oosthuizen, Paxie W. Chirwa 2021 Genetic diversity and contemporary population genetic structure of Avicennia marina from Mozambique, Aquatic Botany, Volume 171, 2021,
  32. Muedanyi Ramantswana, Michal Brink, Keith Little, Raffaele Spinelli & Paxie Chirwa (2021) Perspectives and drivers of modernisation of silviculture re-establishment in South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 83:1, 79-87, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2020.1819152
  33. Stephen Syampungani, Ferdinand Handavu, Luckson Chama, Kennedy Ouma, Nalukui Matakala, Chabu Sumba, Stanford Siachoono, Kondwani Kapinga, and Paxie W. C. Chirwa. 2021. Ecological Intensification: Towards Food and Environmental Security in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: M. K. Jhariya et al. (eds.), Ecological Intensification of Natural Resources for Sustainable Agriculture,
  34. Farai Maxwell Marumbwa, Moses Azong Cho & Paxie W Chirwa (2021) Geospatial analysis of meteorological drought impact on Southern Africa biomes, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 42:6, 2155-2173, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2020.1851799
  35. Eméline Sêssi Pélagie Assédé, Akomian Fortuné Azihou, Coert Johannes Geldenhuys, Paxie Wanangwa Chirwa, Samadori Sorotori Honoré Biaou 2020. Sudanian versus Zambezian woodlands of Africa: Composition, ecology, biogeography and use, Acta Oecologica, Volume 107, 2020,
  36. Pokwana S ,   Tshidzumba P.R.,   Chirwa P.W.  2020.  Evaluating the Potential   of   Introducing   Multipurpose   Tree   Species   in   the   Rural   Landscapes   of Weza, Ugu District Municipality,   KwaZulu-Natal,   South   Africa, Trees, Forests and People (2020),
  37. Araia MG, Chirwa PW, Syampungani S, Do strictly protected areas protect vulnerable local tree species better than human land use? Disentangling conservation value from biodiversity value, Journal for Nature Conservation (2020), doi:
  38. Monica Fides Kalagho Gondwe, Coert Johannes Geldenhuys, Paxie Wanangwa Chikusie Chirwa, Emeline Sêssi Pélagie Assédé, Stephen Syampungani, Moses Azong Cho 2020Tree species composition and diversity in Miombo woodlands between co‐managed and government‐managed regimes, Malawi. African Journal of Ecology
  39. Muedanyi M Ramantswana, Michal P Brink, Keith M Little, Raffaele Spinelli & Paxie WC Chirwa (2020) Current status of technology-use for plantation re-establishment in South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI:10.2989/20702620.2020.1733770
  40. Mangwende, E., Chirwa, P.W. & Aveling, T.A.S. (2020) Seed health status and germination of Eucalyptus spp. Eur J Plant Pathol (2020).
  41. Amani J. Uisso, Paxie W. Chirwa, Pierre A. Ackerman & Lawrence Mbwambo (2020) Non-carbon benefits as incentives for participation in REDD + and the role of village participatory land use plans in supporting this: insights from Kilosa District, Tanzania, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2020.1802239
  42. Chichinye, A., Geldenhuys, C. J., & Chirwa, P. W. (2020). Analysis of growth rings to determine age and mean radial growth of selected Baikiaea-Guibourtia-Pterocarpus species from regrowth stands after pole/ firewood harvesting and abandoned crop fields, north-western Zimbabwe. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 12(3), 129-139,
  43. Musokwa, M.; Mafongoya, P.L.; Chirwa, P.W. (2020). Monitoring of Soil Water Content in Maize Rotated with Pigeonpea Fallows in South Africa. Water 202012(10), 2761;
  44. Simwaka Pacsu L., Tesfamariam Eyob H., Ngwira Amos R., Chirwa Paxie W. (2020) Carbon sequestration and selected hydraulic characteristics under conservation agriculture and traditional tillage practices in Malawi. Soil Research
  45. Lucky Makhubele, Ratsodo P. Tshidzumba & Paxie W. Chirwa (2020): What are the Alternative Options for Diversifying Land Use under Forestry Land Restitution: The Case of Limpopo Province Forestry Land Restitution, South Africa, Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 
  46. Ribeiro N.S., Katerere Y., Chirwa P.W., Grundy I.M. (eds) (2020) Miombo Woodlands in a Changing Environment: Securing the Resilience and Sustainability of People and Woodlands. Springer, Cham.
  47. Ribeiro N.S., Katerere Y., Chirwa P.W., Grundy I.M. (2020) Introduction. In: Ribeiro N.S., Katerere Y., Chirwa P.W., Grundy I.M. (eds) Miombo Woodlands in a Changing Environment: Securing the Resilience and Sustainability of People and Woodlands. Springer, Cham.
  48. Stephen Syampungani, Paxie W. Chirwa, Coert J. Geldenhuys, Ferdinand Handavu, Mwale Chishaleshale, Alfan A. Rija, Aires A. Mbanze, Natasha S. Ribeiro   (2020) Managing Miombo: Ecological and Silvicultural Options for Sustainable Socio-Economic Benefits. In: Ribeiro N.S., Katerere Y., Chirwa P.W., Grundy I.M. (eds) Miombo Woodlands in a Changing Environment: Securing the Resilience and Sustainability of People and Woodlands. Springer, Cham.
  49. Luthando Dziba, Abel Ramoelo, Casey Ryan, Sam Harrison, Rose Pritchard, Hemant Tripathi, Nadia Sitas, Odirilwe Selomane, Francois Engelbrecht, Laura Pereira, Yemi Katerere, Paxie W. Chirwa, Natasha S. Ribeiro, Isla M. Grundy (2020) Scenarios for Just and Sustainable Futures in the Miombo Woodlands. In: Ribeiro N.S., Katerere Y., Chirwa P.W., Grundy I.M. (eds) Miombo Woodlands in a Changing Environment: Securing the Resilience and Sustainability of People and Woodlands. Springer, Cham.
  50. Chirwa PW, Arabomen O, Syampungani S, Oeba OO 2020.  Improving operating standards in sustainable forest management of tropical forests in Africa. In: Blaser, J. and Hardcastle, P. (ed.), Achieving sustainable management of tropical forests, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Cambridge, UK, 2020, (ISBN: 978 1 78676 248 1;
  51. Sumba C, Owiny A,  A, Ouma K, Matakala N,  Monde C, Chirwa, W. P & Syampungani S (2020) Ecofootprint of Charcoal production and it’s Economic Contribution towards Rural Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa.  In: Banerjee, A., Meena, RS, Jhariya, MK &  Yadav DK (Eds) Agroecological Footprints Management for Sustainable Food System.  Chapter 15. DOI 10.1007/978-981-15-9496-0 Agroecological Footprints Management for Sustainable Food System | Arnab Banerjee | Springer
  52. Sheppard, J.P.; Bohn Reckziegel, R.; Borrass, L.; Chirwa, P.W.; Cuaranhua, C.J.; Hassler, S.K.; Hoffmeister, S.; Kestel, F.; Maier, R.; Mälicke, M.; Morhart, C.; Ndlovu, N.P.; Veste, M.; Funk, R.; Lang, F.; Seifert, T.; du Toit, B.; Kahle, H.-P. 2020. Agroforestry: An Appropriate and Sustainable Response to a Changing Climate in Southern Africa?  Sustainability 202012(17), 6796;
  53. Cecilia Masemola, Moses Azong Cho, Abel Ramoelo 2020. Sentinel-2 time series based optimal features and time window for mapping invasive Australian native Acacia species in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Int J Appl Earth Obs Geoinformation 93(2020)102207,
  54. Adeyemi, O., Chirwa, P., Babalola, F.D., Chaikaew P. (2020). Detecting trade-offs, synergies and bundles among ecosystem services demand using sociodemographic data in Omo Biosphere Reserve, Nigeria. Environ Dev Sustain (2020).
  55. Assogba O. D. I., Salako K. V., Fantodji B., Assédé E. P. S., Assogbadjo A. E., Chirwa P. W., 2020. Does land use type impact the demographic and spatial structures of Adansonia digitata L. in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Northern Benin? Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 344 : 59-72. Doi:
  56. Arabomen, O, Chirwa, P.W., Babalola, F.D 2020. Understanding Public Willingness to Participate in Local Conservation Initiatives of Urban Trees in Benin City, Nigeria. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 46(4):247–261
  57. Farai Maxwell Marumbwa, Moses Azong Cho & Paxie W Chirwa (2020) An assessment of remote sensing-based drought index over different land cover types in southern Africa, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41:19, 1-15, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2020.1757783
  58. T. C. Senganimalunje, P. W. Chirwa & F. D. Babalola (2020): Exploring the role of forests as natural assets in rural livelihoods and coping strategies against risks and shocks in Dedza East, Malawi, Journal of Sustainable Forestry,
  59. Mangwende, E., Chirwa, P.W., Aveling, T.A.S., 2020 Evaluation of seed treatments against Colletotrichum kahawae subsp. cigarro on Eucalyptus spp., Crop Protection (2020), doi:
  60. Sheppard, J.P., Chamberlain, J., Agúndez, D., Bhattacharya, P., Chirwa, P.W., Gontcharov, A., Sagona, W.C.J., Shen, H., Tadesse, W., Mutke, S. 2020. Sustainable Forest Management Beyond the Timber-Oriented Status Quo: Transitioning to Co-production of Timber and Non-wood Forest Products—a Global Perspective, Current Forestry Reports (2020).
  61. Monica Fides Gondwe, Moses Azong Cho, Paxie Wanangwa Chirwa & Coert Johannes Geldenhuys (2019) Land use land cover change and the comparative impact of co-management and government-management on the forest cover in Malawi (1999-2018), Journal of Land Use Science, 14:4-6, 281-305, DOI: 10.1080/1747423X.2019.1706654
  62. Araia, M.G.; Chirwa, P.W.; Assédé, E.S.P. 2020. Contrasting the Effect of Forest Landscape Condition to the Resilience of Species Diversity in a Human Modified Landscape: Implications for the Conservation of Tree Species. Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-19, December.
  63. Syampungani, S., Sikanwe, A. N., & Chirwa, P. W. (2020). Ecology of Natural Regeneration of Tropical Dry Forests of Africa and Its Implications for Their Sustainable Man. In R. Bhadouria, S. Tripathi, P. Srivastava, & P. Singh (Eds.), Handbook of Research on the Conservation and Restoration of Tropical Dry Forests (pp. 346-358). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-7998-0014-9.ch018
  64. A.P Starke, C.J Geldenhuys, T.G O’Connor & C.S Everson (2019): Forest and woodland expansion into forestry plantations informs screening for native agroforestry species, Maputaland South Africa, Forests, Trees and Livelihoods,
  65. Marumbwa, F.M., Cho, M.A., Chirwa, P., 2019. Analysis of spatio-temporal rainfalltrends across southern African biomes between 1981 and 2016, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth(2019), doi:
  66. Mulugheta G Araia & Paxie W Chirwa (2019) Nurturing forest resources in the Vhavenda community, South Africa: factors influencing non-compliance behaviour of local people to state conservation rules, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 81:4, 357-366, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2019.1639586
  67. Deventer H, Cho Azong M, Mutanga O. 2019 Multi-season RapidEye imagery improves the classification of wetland and dryland communities in a subtropical coastal region. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. 157: 171-187.
  68. Kassahun T Maru, Coert J Geldenhuys & Paxie W Chirwa (2019) Stem volume and tree biomass harvested by different thinning intensities from dense and sparse karee stands in Central Bushveld, South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 81:4, 335-344, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2019.1615253
  69. Mulugheta G. Araia, Paxie W. Chirwa 2019 Revealing the Predominance of Culture over the Ecological Abundance of Resources in Shaping Local People’s Forest and Tree Species Use Behavior: The Case of the Vhavenda People, South Africa. Sustainability 11(11): 3143;
  70. Cho MA, Ramoelo A  2019. Optimal dates for assessing long-term changes in tree-cover in the semi-arid biomes of South Africa using MODIS NDVI time series. Int J Appl Earth Obs Geoinformation 81: 27-36,
  71. C. Masemola, M. A. Cho and A. Ramoelo 2019. Assessing the Effect of Seasonality on Leaf and Canopy Spectra for the Discrimination of an Alien Tree Species, Acacia Mearnsii, From Co-Occurring Native Species Using Parametric and Nonparametric Classifiers," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2019.2902774
  72. Ofoegbu, C. Chirwa, P.W 2019. Exploring the potential for green growth uptake in the South African forest sector. . Regional Environmental Change (2019). DOI
  73. Chirwa P.W., Adeyemi O. (2019) Deforestation in Africa: Implications on Food and Nutritional Security. In: Leal Filho W., Azul A., Brandli L., Özuyar P., Wall T. (eds) Zero Hunger. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham. DOI
  74. Cecilia Masemola & Moses Azong Cho (2019) Estimating leaf nitrogen concentration from similarities in fresh and dry leaf spectral bands using a model population analysis framework, International Journal of Remote Sensing, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2019.1597300
  75. W.C.J. Sagona, P.W. Chirwa and S.M. Sajidu, 2019 The miracle mix of Moringa: Status of Moringa research and development in Malawi, South African Journal of Botany,
  76. Arabomen, O.J.; Chirwa, P.W.; Babalola, F.D.2019 Willingness-to-pay for Environmental Services Provided By Trees in Core and Fringe Areas of Benin City, Nigeria. International Forestry Review, 21: 23-36. DOI:
  77. Madeleen Algera, Christoph Kätsch & Paxie W Chirwa (2019) Developing a taper model for the Pinus elliottii × P. caribaea var. hondurensis hybrid in South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 81: 141-150. DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2018.1520027
  78. Angella Chichinye, Coert J Geldenhuys & Paxie W Chirwa (2019) Land-use impacts on the composition and diversity of the Baikiaea– GuibourtiaPterocarpus woodlands of north-western Zimbabwe, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science 81: 151-165, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2018.1531278
  79. Harrington Nyirenda,  Emeline P. S. Assede´, Paxie W. Chirwa,  Coert Geldenhuys,  Francis W. Nsubuga 2019. The effect of land use change and management on the vegetation characteristics and termite distribution in Malawian Miombo woodland agroecosystem. Agroforestry Systems,-volV)( 01234567
  80. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW 2018. Analysis of rural people’s attitude towards the management of tribal forests in South Africa. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, DOI: 10.1080/10549811.2018.1554495 To link to this article:
  81. Handavu F, Chirwa PW, Syampungani S, 2018. Socio-economic factors influencing land-use and land-cover changes in the miombo woodlands of the Copperbelt province in Zambia. Forest Policy and Economics, 100(2019):75-94
  82. Faura M. C. Amade, Paxie W. Chirwa, Mário P. Falcão & Carel J. Oosthuizen (2018) Structural Characterization, Reproductive Phenology and Anthropogenic Disturbance of Mangroves in Costa do Sol, Bons Sinais Estuary and Pemba-Metuge from Mozambique, Journal of Sustainable Forestry,DOI: 10.1080/10549811.2018.1549501
  83. Madonsela S, Cho MA, Ramoelo A, Mutanga O, Naidoo L 2018 Estimating tree species diversity in the savannah using NDVI and woody canopy cover, International, Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 66,: 106-115. 
  84. Kamwi JM, Cho MA, Kaetsch C, Manda SO, Graz FP, Chirwa PW. 2018. Assessing the Spatial Drivers of Land Use and Land Cover Change in the Protected and Communal Areas of the Zambezi Region, Namibia. Land 20187(4), 131;
  85. Kamwi JM1, Chirwa PWC, Graz FP, Manda SOM, Mosimane AW and C Kätsch 2018. Livelihood activities and skills in rural areas of the Zambezi Region, Namibia: Implications for policy and poverty reduction. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 18(01):13074-13094, DOI:10.18697/ajfand.81.16640
  86. Gama MJ, Cho MA, Chirwa PW, Masemola C 2018.  Estimating mineral content of indigenous browse species using laboratory spectroscopy and sentinel-2 Imagery. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 75: 141-150
  87.  Uisso AJ, Chirwa PW, Ackerman PA, Mbwambo L 2018. Forest management and conservation before and after the introduction of village participatory land use plans in the Kilosa district REDD+ initiative, Tanzania.  Journal of Sustainable Forestry, DOI: 10.1080/10549811.2018.1527232
  88. Tshaduli N,  Geldenhuys CJ, Chirwa PW 2018  Regeneration ecology of the climber Flagellaria guineensis (Flagellariaceae) in the Transkei Coastal Forests, South Africa. South African. Journal of Botany 118: 1–10
  89. Mavimbela LZ, Crous JW, Morris AR, Chirwa PW 2018. The importance of harvest residue and fertilizer on productivity of Pinus patula across various sites in their first, second and third rotations, at Usutu Swaziland. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science  (2018) 48:5
  90. Tshidzumba RP, Chirwa PW, Babalola FD 2018.Communities’ perceptions of benefit-sharing mechanisms for forest-based land reform models in South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2018.1463190
  91. Tshidzumba RP, Chirwa PW, Babalola FD 2018.Are communities benefiting from land reform models? Investigating forest-based public-private partnerships in selected beneficiary communities in South Africa. International Forestry Review 20(2): 220-235
  92. Uisso AJ, Chirwa PW, Ackerman PA, Mbwambo L 2018.The role of Village Land Forest Reserves in the implementation of Land Use Plans: experience from the REDD+ initiative, Tanzania  International Forestry Review 20(2): 236-249
  93. E.S.P. Assédé, C.A.M.S. Djagoun, F.A. Azihou, Y.S.C. Gogan, M.D. Kouton, A.C. Adomou, C.J. Geldenhuys, P.W. Chirwa, B. Sinsin 2018. Efficiency of conservation areas to protect orchid species in Benin, West Africa. South African Journal of Botany 116:  230–237
  94. K. Lisao, C.J. Geldenhuys, P.W. Chirwa 2018. Assessment of the African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.)populations in Namibia: Implications for conservation. Global Ecology and Conservation14:,
  95. Chidiebere Ofoegbu, P. W. Chirwa, J. Francis & F. D. Babalola 2018 Assessing local-level forest use and management capacity as a climate-change adaptation strategy in Vhembe district of South Africa, Climate and Development, DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2018.1447904
  96. Eméline Sêssi Pélagie Assédé, Chabi Adéyèmi Marc Sylvestre Djagoun, Akomian Fortuné Azihou, Meryas Dègbémabou Kouton, Yannick Senakpon Caleb Gogan, Coert Johannes Geldenhuys, Paxie Wanangwa Chirwa and Brice Augustin Sinsin 2017. Folk perceptions and patterns of use of orchid species in Benin, West Africa. Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 20, 26-36
  97. Phillip Hongwane, Glen Mitchell, Arnulf Kanzler, Steven Verryn, Juan Lopez & Paxie Chirwa 2017. Alternative pine hybrids and species to Pinus patula and P. radiata in South Africa and Swaziland, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2017.1393744
  98. Lisao K, Geldenhuys CJ, Chirwa PW. 2017. Traditional uses and local perspectives on baobab (Adansonia digitata) population structure by selected ethnic groups in northern Namibia South African Journal of Botany 113 (2017) 449–456
  99. Lizette de Waal, R Glen Mitchell, Gary R Hodge & Paxie W Chirwa 2017. The use of field and artificial freezing studies to assess frost tolerance in natural populations of Pinus oocarpa. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science
  100. Madonsela S, Cho MA, Raoelo A, Mutanga O. 2017. Remote sensing of species diversity using Landsat 8 spectral variables. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 133: 116–127.
  101. Kunda-Wamuwi CF, Babalola FD, Chirwa PW. 2017. Investigating factors responsible for farmers' abandonment of Jatropha curcas L. as bioenergy crop under smallholder out-grower schemes in Chibombo District, Zambia. Energy Policy 110: 62-68.
  102. Cho MA,  Ramoelo A, Dziba L. 2017. Response of Land Surface Phenology to Variation in Tree Cover during Green-Up and Senescence Periods in the Semi-Arid Savanna of Southern Africa. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 689; doi:10.3390/rs9070689
  103. Shekwa A, Chirwa P, Ngulube E, Ghebremariam T. 2017. Productivity, efficiency and costs of manual saw and electric shear pruning operations in Pinus elliottii stands of Mpumalanga, South Africa, International Journal of Forest Engineering
  104. Kamwi JM, Kaetsch C, Graz FP, Chirwa P, Manda S. 2017. Trends in land use and land cover change in the protected and communal areas of the Zambezi Region, Namibia. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 189 (5): 242. doi:10.1007/s10661-017-5934-2
  105. Moloi T, Brink M, Chirwa PW, Ngulube E. 2017. A productivity model for first thinning of Pinus patula using a tractor and double-drum winch in South Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2017.1312904
  106. Chirwa PW, Larwanou M, Kowero G. 2017.  Forests, people and environment: some African perspectives, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 79(2):79-85.
  107. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW, Francis J, Babalola FD. 2017. Assessing vulnerability of rural communities to climate change: a review of implications for forest-based livelihoods in South Africa. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 9 Issue: 3, pp.-, doi: 10.1108/IJCCSM-04-2016-0044
  108. Chirwa PW, Larwanou M. 2017. Overview of restoration and management practices in the degraded landscapes of the Sahelian and dryland forests and woodlands of East and southern Africa, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science
  109. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW, Francis J, Babalola FD. 2017. Socio-economic factors influencing household dependence on forests and its implication for forest-based climate change interventions, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science.
  110. van den Berg GJ, Verryn SD, Chirwa PW, van Deventer F. 2017. Realised genetic gains and estimated genetic parameters of two Eucalyptus grandis × E. urophylla hybrid breeding strategies, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2016.1263010
  111. van den Berg GJ, Verryn SD, Chirwa PW, van Deventer F. 2017. Genetic parameters and genotype by environment interaction of Eucalyptus grandis populations used in intra-specific hybrid production in South Africa. Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science, 79 (2017):
  112. Hongwane PC, Mitchell RG, Kanzler A, Verryn SD and Chirwa PWC. 2017. Growth and dynamic modulus of elasticity of Pinus patula x P. tecunumanii hybrids in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science, 79 (2017):
  113. Handavu F, Chirwa PW, Syampungani S, Larwanou M. 2017. A review of carbon dynamics and assessment methods in the miombo woodlands§, Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, DOI: 10.2989/20702620.2016.1277643
  114. van den Berg GJ, Verryn SD, Chirwa PW, van Deventer F. 2016. Estimates of genetic parameters and genetic gains for growth traits of two Eucalyptus urophylla populations in Zululand, South Africa. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 78(3): 209-216.
  115. van den Berg GJ, Verryn SD, Chirwa PW, van Deventer F. 2016. Genetic parameters of interspecific hybrids of Eucalyptus grandis and E. urophylla seedlings and cuttings. Silvae Genetica 64(5-6):201-208.
  116. Chirwa PW & Mala W 2016. Trees in the landscape: towards the promotion and development of traditional and farm forest management in tropical and subtropical regions. Agroforestry Systems, 90(4): 555-561.
  117. Syampungani S, Geldenhuys CJ, Chirwa PW. 2016. Regeneration dynamics of miombo woodland in response to different anthropogenic disturbances: forest characterisation for sustainable management. Agroforestry Systems  90:563–576
  118. Munyanduki P, Chirwa PW, Babalola FD. 2016. Socio-economic sustainability assessment of Gaba and Rossbach state plantations in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Agroforestry Systems 90:555–561
  119. Senganimalunje T, Chirwa PW, Babalola FF, Graham MA 2016. Does outsider facilitated participatory forest management lead to efficient forest resource use and improved rural hoods? Experiences from communities adjacent to Mua-Livulezi Forest Reserve in Malawi. Agroforestry Systems 90: 691-710.
  120. Babalola FD, Ayinde OE, Chirwa PW, Thiam DR. 2016. Risks and coping strategies of production and marketing of cocoa in Ondo State, Nigeria. Agroforestry Systems DOI 10.1007/s10457-016-9905-3
  121. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW, Francis J, Babalola FD. 2016. Conceptualising Climate change in Forest Based Rural Communities of South Africa: Community Perceptions and Attitudes. International Forest Review 18(3): 319-333.
  122. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW, Francis J, Babalola FD. 2016. Perception Based Analysis of Climate Change Effect on Forest-Based Livelihood: The Case of Vhembe District in South Africa. Jamba: journal of disaster and risk studies 8(1) (2016), 10 pages. doi: 10.4102/jamba.v8i1.271
  123. Ofoegbu C, Chirwa PW, Francis J, Babalola FD. 2016. Assessing forest-based rural communities' adaptive capacity and coping strategies for climate variability and change: The case of Vhembe district in South Africa. Environmental Development 18: 36–51
  124. Phairah K, Brink M, Chirwa P, Todd A. 2016 (online). Operator Work-Related Musculoskeletal Discomfort during forwarding operations in South Africa: An ergonomic assessment.
  125. Chirwa Paxie W, Larwanou Mahamane, Syampungani Stephen, Babalola Folaranmi D. 2015. Management and Restoration Practices in Degraded Landscapes of Eastern Africa and Requirements for Up-Scaling. International Forestry Review 17(S3): 20-30
  126. Chirwa PW, Larwanou M, Syampungani S, Babalola FD. 2015. Management and Restoration Practices in Degraded Landscapes of Southern Africa and Requirements for Up-Scaling. International Forestry Review 17(S3): 31-42.
  127. Maisharou A, Chirwa P W, Larwanou M, Babalola FD, Ofoegbu C. 2015. Sustainable Land Management Practices in the Sahel: Review of Practises, Techniques and Technologies for Land Restoration and Strategy for Up-Scaling. International Forestry Review 17(S3): 1-19.
  128. Dlamini C,  Larwanou M, Chirwa PW 2015. A brief overview of the capacities of public forest administrations in climate change work in the moist forests countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. International Forestry Review 17(S3): 53-66.
  129. Dlamini C,  Larwanou M, Chirwa PW. 2015.  A brief overview of capacities of public forest administrations in climate change activities in the dry forest and woodland countries of Sub-Sahara Africa. International Forestry Review 17(S3): 43-52.
  130. Senganimalunje T, Chirwa PW, Babalola FF, Graham MA. 2015.  Potential of institutional arrangements for sustainable management of forests under co-management with local forest organisations in Mua-Livulezi Forest Reserve, Mtakataka, Malawi. International Forestry Review 17(3): 340-354.
  131. Kamwi J, Chirwa P, Manda S, Graz P, Kätsch C.  2015. Livelihoods, Land Use and Land Cover Change in the Zambezi Region, Namibia. Population and Environment 36(2): 207-230
  132. Chirwa PW, Mamba S, Manda SM, Babalola FD. 2015. Assessment of settlement models for engagement of communities in forest land under claim in Jessievale and Roburna communities in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Land Use Policy Journal 46:65-74.


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