Civil Engineering Divisions

Balbontin C, Hensher DA, Beck MJ, Giesen R, Basnak P, Vallejo-Borda JA, Venter C

(2021). Impact of COVID-19 on the number of days working from home and commuting travel: A cross-cultural comparison between Australia, South America and South Africa. Journal of Transport Geography 96(May):103188


Basson J, Broekman A, Jacobsz SW

(2021). TD-DAQ: A low-cost data acquisition system monitoring the unsaturated pore pressure regime in tailings dams. HardwareX 10(2):e00221


Blaauw S, Maina J

(2021). Life Cycle Inventory for Pavements - A Case Study of South Africa. Transportation Engineering 3(9–10):100049.


Blaauw S, Maina J, Grobler LJ

(2021). Social Life Cycle Inventory for Pavements – A Case Study of South Africa. Transportation Engineering 4(1):100060.


Bonthuys GJ, Van Dijk M, Cavazzini G

(2021). Optimizing the Potential Impact of Energy Recovery and Pipe Replacement on Leakage Reduction in a Medium Sized District Metered Area. Sustainability 13 (22):12929.


Broekman A, Gräbe PJ

(2021). A Low-Cost, Mobile Real-Time Kinematic Geolocation Service for Engineering and Research Applications. HardwareX 10:e00203.


Broekman A, Gräbe PJ

(2021). Measurement of probabilistic ballast particle dynamics using Kli-Pi. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineers 63 (1), pp. 11 - 23.


Broekman A, Gräbe PJ

(2021). RailEnV-PASMVS: A perfectly accurate, synthetic, path-traced dataset featuring a virtual railway environment for multi-view stereopsis training and reconstruction applications. Data in Brief 38:107411


Broekman A, Gräbe PJ, Steyn WJvdM

(2021). Real-time traffic quantization using a mini edge artificial intelligence platform. Transportation Engineering 4(5):100068.


Broekman A, Steyn JWvdM

(2021). smAvo: Packhouse optimization using smart avocadoes in South Africa. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 191(11):106507


Busang S, Maina, J

(2021). Laboratory simulation and mechanical performance of asphalt materials under the action of saline. Construction and Building Materials 313(1):125387


Cho S, Van Rooyen AS, Kearsley E, Van Zijl G

(2021). Foam stability of 3D printable foamed concrete. Journal of Building Engineering 47(158):103884.


Cloete R, Roth C

(2021). Column base connections under compression and biaxial moments: Proposed design approach. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 184(3):106814


Da Silva Burke TS, Elshafie MZEB

(2021). Geosynthetic-reinforced soils above voids: Observation and prediction of soil arching. Geotextiles and Geomembranes 49 (3), pp. 579 - 592.


De Beer M, Van Rensburg Y, Maina J

(2021). Three-dimensional contact stresses of a slick solid rubber tyre on a rigid surface. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineers 63(3), pp. 1 - 12


De Beer L, Venter, CV

(2021). Priority infrastructure for minibus-taxis: An analytical model of potential benefits and impacts. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineers 634), pp. 53-65


Gaspar T, Vandoorne R, Jacobsz SW, Heymann G, Gräbe PJ

(2021). Application of unsaturated soil mechanics - two years on. SAICE Magazine, April edition, pp. 18 - 21.


Gräbe PJ, Mpye D, Vandoorne R, Broekman A, Pienaar D, Hawley D, Van Schalkwyk H

(2021). Advanding the digital railway with 4IR technologies. SAICE Magazine, May edition, pp. 30 - 35.


Horak E, Komba J, Maina J, Sebaaly H

(2021). Contiguous Aggregate Packing as Common Principle for Asphalt Density, Strength and Permeability Control. SSRN.


Gaspar T, Jacobsz SW

(2021). Brazilian Tensile Strength Test Conducted on Ductile Unsaturated Soil Samples. Geotechnical Testing Journal 44(3):20190078


Jordaan G, Steyn WJvdM

(2021). Fundamental Principles Ensuring Successful Implementation of New-Age (Nano) Modified Emulsions (NME) for the Stabilisation of Naturally Available Materials in Pavement Engineering. Applied Sciences 11 (4), pp. 1745.


Jordaan G, Steyn WJvdM

2021. Nanotechnology Incorporation into Road Pavement Design Based on Scientific Principles of Materials Chemistry and Engineering Physics Using New-Age (Nano) Modified Emulsion (NME) Stabilisation/Enhancement of Granular Materials. Applied Sciences 11 (18), pp. 8525.


Jordaan G, Steyn WJvdM, Broekman A

2021. Evaluation of Cost-Effective Modified Binder Thin Chip and Cape Seal Surfacings on an Anionic Nano-Modified Emulsion (NME)-Stabilised Base Layer Using Accelerated Pavement Testing (APT). Applied Sciences 11 (6), pp. 2514


Le Roux PF, Jacobsz SW

(2021). Performance of the Tensiometer Method for the Determination of Soil-Water Retention Curves in Various Soils. Geotechnical Testing Journal 44(6):20200196


Markou G, Garcia R, Mourlas C, Guadagnini M, Pilakoutas K, Manolis P

(2021). A new damage factor for seismic assessment of deficient bare and FRP-retrofitted RC structures. Engineering Structures 248 (5).


Markou G

(2021). A new method of seismic retrofitting cost analysis and effectiveness for reinforced concrete structures. Engineering Structures 246 (1).


Milne K, Steyn WJvdM

(2021). Optimising the transportation of avocados from farm to packhouse using Bayesian networks. International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation 8 (1), pp. 61.


Nguvulu A, Shane A, Mwale CS, Tena TM, Mwaanga P, Siame J, Chirambo B, Lungu M, Mudenda F, Mwelwa D, Chinyanta S, Kawala J, Bowa VM, Mutambo LS, Okello N, Musonda C

(2021). Surface Water Quality Response to Land Use Land Cover Change in an Urbanizing Catchment: A Case of Upper Chongwe River Catchment, Zambia. Journal of Geographic Information System 13 (5), pp. 578 - 602.


Skorpen SA, Kearsley E, Clayton CRI, Kruger E

(2021). Structural monitoring of an integral bridge in South Africa. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Smart Infrastructure and Construction 173 (8), pp. 1 - 10.


Steyn WJvdM, Broekman A

(2021). Development of a digital twin of a local road network: A case study. Journal of Testing and Evaluation 51(1). 


Vandoorne R, Gräbe PJ, Heymann G

(2021). Soil suction and temperature measurements in a heavy haul railway formation. Transportation Geotechnics 31:100675


Vandoorne R, Gräbe PJ, Heymann G

(2021). Polyethylene glycol and membrane processes applied to suction control in geotechnical osmotic testing. International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering.


Van Dijk M, Bekker A, Niebuhr C

(2021). Development of the South African Hydropower Atlas. SAICE Magazine, June edition. pp. 10 - 13.


Yang Y, Zhu X, Guarin A, Steyn WJvdM

(2021). Numerical analysis concerning the skid resistance of rubber-contaminated runway grooves. Tribology International 163 (6):107157


Chapter in Book




Broekman A, Steyn WJvdM

(2021). smAvo and smaTo: Successes of eAgricultural Technologies in South Africa. IST-Africa 2021 Conference Proceedings (virtual).


Gravett D, Markou G

(2021). State-of-the-art investigation of wind turbine structures by considering the soil-structure interaction phenomenon. International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Athens, Greece.


Horak E, Hofstink W, Van Wijk I, Mihaljevic I

(2021). Permeability benchmark analysis of thin asphalt layers using grading and voids QA/QC data. AfPA International Flexible Pavements Symposium, 2021, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.


Markou G, Gravett D

(2021). A new parallel algorithm for the optimum embedded rebar mesh generation for large-scale reinforced concrete structures. International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Athens, Greece.


Mpye, G.D., Gräbe, P.J.

(2021). Advanced triaxial testing for resilient and permanent deformation behaviour of railway foundation materials subjected to increased axle loading. South African Heavy Haul Association (SAHHA) 2020 Conference (postponed to 2021), pp. 201 - 205.


Schoreder R, Loots I, Van Dijk M, Coetzee L

(2021). The potential for exploitation of South Africa's latent hydropower. SANCOLD Conference 2021: “Resilient Dams in a Challenging Environment”, Pretoria, South Africa, pp. 233-239.


Spijkerman Z, Bakas N, Markou G, Manolis P

(2021). Predicting the shear capacity of reinforced concrete slender beams without stirrups by applying artificial intelligence algorithms. International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Athens, Greece.


Taljaard VL, Gravett D, Mourlas C, Markou G, Bakas N, Manolis P

(2021). Development of a new fundamental period formula by considering soil-structure interaction with the use of machine learning algoritms. International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Athens, Greece.


Vandoorne R, Gräbe PJ, Heymann G

(2021). Long-Term In-Situ Measurement of Soil Suction in Railway Foundation Materials. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics, Chicago, IL, USA.


Bekker A, van Dijk M, Dedekind(Niebuhr) CM,  Hansen CD

(2020). Framework development for the evaluation of conduit hydropower within water distribution systems: A South African case study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 283, pp. 1 - 15.


Bonthuys GJ, van Dijk M, Cavazzini G

(2020). Energy Recovery and Leakage-Reduction Optimization of Water Distribution Systems Using Hydro Turbines. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 146 (5), pp. 1 - 12.


Bonthuys GJ, van Dijk M, Cavazzini G

(2020). The Optimization of Energy Recovery Device Sizes and Locations in Municipal Water Distribution Systems during Extended-Period Simulation. Water, 12 (9), pp. 1 - 20.


Boshoff WP, Mechtcherine V, Snoeck D, Schrofl C, De Belie N, Ribeiro A, Cusson D, Wyrzykowski M, Toropovs N, Lura P

(2020). The effect of superabsorbent polymers on the mitigation of plastic shrinkage cracking of conventional concrete, results of an inter-laboratory test by RILEM TC 260-RSC. Materials and Structures, 53 (4), pp. 1 - 16.


Broekman A, Grabe PJ             

(2020). PASMVS: A perfectly accurate, synthetic, path-traced dataset featuring specular material properties for multi-view stereopsis training and reconstruction applications. Data in Brief, 32 pp. 1 - 9.


Broekman A, Steyn WJ, Steyn LP, Bill M, Korsten L

(2020). smAvo and smaTo: A fruity odyssey of smart sensor platforms in Southern Africa. HardwareX, 8 pp. 1 - 20.


Broekman A,  Jacobsz SW,  Louw H,  Kearsley EP, Gaspar TAV,  Da Silva TS

(2020). Fly-by-Pi: Open source closed-loop control for geotechnical centrifuge testing applications. HardwareX, 8 pp. 1 - 20.


Demmerez de Charmoy C, Grabe PJ

(2020). Quantifying the economic benefits of gauge changes on the South African core railway network. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering, 62 (3), pp. 23 - 35.


De Klerk M, Kayondo M, Moelich G, de Villiers W, Combrinck R, Boshoff WP

(2020). Durability of chemically modified sisal fibre in cement-based composites. Construction and Building Materials, 241 pp. 1 - 13.


De Koker N, Viljoen C, Lenner R, Jacobsz SW

(2020). Updating structural reliability efficiently using load measurement. Structural Safety, 84 pp. 1 - 9.


Deysel HM, Berluti K, du Plessis BJGW, Focke WW

(2020). Glass foams from acid-leached phlogopite waste. Journal of Materials Science, 55 (19), pp. 8050 - 8060.


Jacobsz SW, Jahnke SI

(2020). Leak detection on water pipelines in unsaturated ground by discrete fibre optic sensing. Structural Health Monitoring-An International Journal, 19 (4), pp. 1219 - 1236.


Jansen van Vuuren B, van Dijk M, Steyn WJ

(2020). The interception capabilities of slotted drains as pavement surface drainage systems. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering, 62 (4), Dec: pp. 11 - 18.


Kolawole J, Combrinck R, Boshoff WP

(2020). Rheo-viscoelastic behaviour of fresh cement-based materials: Cement paste, mortar and concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 248 pp. 1 - 16.


Kolawole J, Combrinck R, Boshoff WP

(2020). Shear rheo-viscoelasticity approach to the plastic cracking of early-age concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 135 pp. 1 - 19.


Lebitsa GL, Heymann G, Rust E

(2020). Excess pore pressure generation during slurry deposition of gold tailings. International Journal of Mining Reclamation and Environment, 35(2), pp. 1 - 20.


Louw H, Kearsley EP, Jacobsz SW

(2020). Modelling horizontally loaded reinforced-concrete piles in a geotechnical centrifuge. International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, 21 (1), pp. 1 - 12.


Maina JW, Blaauw SA, Grobler L

(2020). Life cycle inventory of bitumen in South Africa. Transportation Engineering, 2 pp. 1 - 7


Markou G, Mourlas C, Bark H, Karamitros D, Taddei F, Papadrakis M, Khabele N

(2020). Effect of Soil–Structure Interaction on Nonlinear Dynamic Response of Reinforced Concrete Structures. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 20 (13), pp. 1 - 45.


Marshall A, Franza A, Jacobsz SW

(2020). Assessment of the Posttunneling Safety Factor of Piles under Drained Soil Conditions. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 146 (9), pp. 1 - 18.


Meyer D, Boshoff WP, Combrinck R

(2020). Utilising super absorbent polymers as alternative method to test plastic shrinkage cracks in concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 248 pp. 1 - 14.


Mshali MRS, Steyn WJ             

(2020). Incorporating truck speed effect on evaluation and design of flexible pavement systems. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 13 (1), pp. 55 - 63.


Mshali MRS, Steyn WJ

(2020). Effect of truck speed on the response of flexible pavement systems to traffic loading NOT APPROVED. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 1 pp. 1 - 13.


Steyn WJ

(2020). Selected implications of a hyper-connected world on pavement engineering. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 13 pp. 673 - 678.


Vatannia S, Kearsley EP, Mostert HF

(2020). Development of economic, practical and green ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete verified by particle packing model. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 13 pp. 1 - 16.


Venter CJ

(2020). Measuring the quality of the first/last mile connection to public transport. Research in Transportation Economics, 83 pp. 1 - 10.


Venter CJ, Zegras C, Leape J, Carrasco J, Navas C, Vergel-Tovar E

(2020). Scaling Up Innovative Participatory Design for Public Transportation Planning: Lessons from Experiments in the Global South. Transportation Research Record, 2674 (12), pp. 25 - 37.


Walubita L, Mahmoud E, Fuentes L, Prakoso A, Lee S, Souliman M, Komba JJ 

(2020). Correlating the asphalt-binder high-temperature properties (DSR) to HMA permanent deformation (RLPD) and field rutting: A laboratory-field study. Construction and Building Materials, 262 pp. 1 - 11.


Walubita L, Fuentes L, Faruk A, Komba JJ, Prakoso A, Naik B   

(2020). Mechanistic-Empirical Compatible Traffic Data Generation: Portable Weigh-in-Motion versus Cluster Analysis. Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 48 (3), pp. 2377 - 2392.


Chapter in Book

Venter CJ, Mahendra A, Lionjanga N

2020). Chapter 15: Urban expansion and mobility on the periphery in the global South. Edition:1st In C. Mulley & J. Nelson (eds.), Urban form and accessibility Social, Economic and Environment Impacts, Netherlands, AE Amsterdam: Elsevier. (pp. 273-264). 978-0-12-819822-3.



Bonthuys GJ, Blom P, van Dijk M

(2020).Leveraging Asset Management Data for Energy Recovery and Leakage Reduction. Engineering Assets and Public \Infrastructures in the Age \of Digitalization Proceedings of the 13th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management, Stavanger, Norway. 24-Sep-2020 - 26-Sep-2020.


Boshoff WP, Fataar H, Combrinck R

(2020).An Experimental Study on the Fatigue Failure Mechanisms of Pre–damaged Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete at a Single Fibre Level. Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Improvements and Innovations RILEM-fib International

Symposium on FRC (BEFIB) in 2020.


Joubert JW, Venter CJ

(2020).Behavioural response of paratransit to formal public transport in hybrid systems. ANT 2020. The 11th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies. April 6-9, 2020. Warsaw, Poland. Warsaw, Poland, 06-Apr-2020 - 09-Apr-2020.


Maina JW, Khnaizer J

(2020).Producing High Quality Recycled Hot Asphalt with Increased Reclaimed Asphalt Content - Qatar Experience Disapproved No peer review process evidence provided. Proceedings of the International Conference on Civil Infrastructure and

Construction (CIC 2020), Doha, Qatar, 02-Feb-2020 - 05-Feb-2020.


Steyn WJ

(2020).Future APT - Thoughts on Future Evolution of APT. Pavement Testing to Transport Infrastructure · Innovation Proceedings of 6th APT Conference.


Steyn WJ, Broekman A, Jordaan GJ

(2020).Digital twinning of asphalt pavement surfacings using Visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. 2nd International Conference on Advances in Materials and Pavement Performance Prediction (AM3P 2020), San Antonio, Texas, USA, 27-May-2020 - 29-May-2020.




- Author Andre Broekman

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