This module introduces students to auditing in the context of its history, its basic principles and its interdisciplinary nature as it relates to policy, legislation and governance. It also addresses the inherent demand for ethical and responsible conduct by all professional auditors and auditees in pursuit of sustainable development in South Africa. The module is principles-based and will enable a student to interpret and apply the fundamental principles and concepts of auditing. The module focuses on the business environment, including its governance, risk and control aspects as well as the nature of an auditor’s work in such an environment. Students will be able to explain the business environment, apply business and professional ethical principles and values to decision-making, conduct and in relationships with stakeholders and society. Students will also be able to communicate effectively with these stakeholders on governance-related matters.