X-ray generation: atomic physics, thermodynamics, X-ray tubes, linear accelerators.
Image formation and recording: optics, image intensifiers, solid state physics, digital imaging display and storage systems, image quality and patient dose.
Radioactivity: nuclear nomenclature, half-life, activity, decay modes and nuclear processes, nuclide chart and decay.
Production of radioisotopes: Nuclear reactions, production facilities (cyclotrons, reactors, and accelerators).
Interactions of ionising radiation with matter: charged particles, neutrons, photons, attenuation coefficients, photo-electric Compton contribution.
Radiation Detection: detectors (Geiger, scintillation, TLD, semiconductor, ionisation chamber), counting (spectroscopy, efficiency, statistics), protection.
Dosimetry: units, exposure, dose, absorbed dose, equivalent dose, effective dose, dose limits.