Hierdie module word slegs in Engels aangebied. Diagnostic focus: Introduction to common diagnostic procedures used in key domestic animals including clinical examination, clinical pathology, pain assessment and sedation in relation to clinical examination, basic epidemiological concepts, basic diagnostic imaging modalities and radiation safety. Clinical physiology focus: Using clinical cases, the integrated homeostatic responses to disease/insult involving all the body systems. The aim of this section of IVD 300 is therefor to build on basic physiological principles and to explain changes under abnormal situations. Veterinary research focus: IVD 300 also include a section on the role of research in veterinary science, literature reviews, research design, the role of laboratory animals in veterinary research and examples of research.