In the thesis, The ‘score-card’ and ‘kubotereka’ spatial orders: a comparative study of mine housing strategies at Amandelbult and Unki platinum mines, the candidate compared worker housing arrangements in one platinum mining company that operates in South Africa and another in Zimbabwe. This comparative ethnographic analysis revealed how the South African and Zimbabwean governments play instrumental roles in the unmaking and transforming historically racialised geographies of mining communities. The mining firm seized the initiative to socially engineer spatial orders to their benefit, investing in housing and developing infrastructure where they operate. Workers also respond as they make meaning of these spaces by embracing the reconfigured space and rejecting the mining firm’s attempts to house them in particular locations. The ‘scorecard spatial order’ and the ‘kubotereka spatial order’ conceptually frame the discussion and analysis of the geography of platinum mining communities in the two mining towns.
Dr. Emmanuel Siziba
In the thesis, Gender based violence in Zimbabwe: A critical analysis of institutional responses, the candidate examined institutional responses to gender-based violence on the justice, health and education sectors. Drawing on a socio-ecological model and using a mixed-methods approach, he focused on the challenges these sectors face in dealing with gender-based violence given the pervasiveness of latent constructs like make superiority, poverty and normalisation of violence. The candidate showed that the responses by the three sectors id fragmented, reactive, and associated with a weak multi-sectoral approach that also creates a gap between legislation and policy availability and implementation. The overall conclusion was that the fight against gender-based violence requires context-specific and culturally sensitive multi-sectoral interventions. Several recommendations for policy, practice and future research in this regard were made.