Research Expertise




Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria


Prof Ntombizozuko ‘Zozo’ Dyani-Mhango

Dyani-Mhango’s areas of specialisation fall under International Constitutional Law, with a focus on African Union Law and its right to intervene, its relationship with the International Criminal Court, as well as its member states obligations in international criminal justice. She also focuses on South Africa’s international and constitutional obligations in this regard, as well as public power (separation of powers). She has published widely and attended both local and international conferences presenting in these areas.

Selected recent publications:

‘Reflecting on South Africa’s Attempt to Withdraw from the Rome Statute in Favour of Immunities for Sitting Heads of State: An Analysis of the International Crimes Bill, 2017’ (2020) 28(2) African Journal of International & Comparative Law 319-351

‘A Call for The Transformation of the South African Insurance Industry: An Analysis of the Insurance Bill 2016’ (2019) 40(3) Statute Law Review 310-324

(with S Lungu) ‘Ensuring that State Parties to the Roman Statute Co-operate with ICC Requests to Arrest and Surrender Suspects: Reflecting on the Role of the Security Council through the Lens of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)’ (2018) African Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 119-145

‘South Africa’s (Unconstitutional) Withdrawal from the Rome Statute: A Note on Democratic Alliance v Minister of International Relations and Cooperation’ (2018) 34: 2 South African Journal on Human Rights 268-289

‘The ICC Pre-Trial Chamber’s Decision on South Africa’s Failure to Arrest and Surrender South Africa: South Africa Escapes ‘Sanctions’’ (2017) African Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 37-77

(with M Mhango) ‘Deputy Chief Justice Moseneke and Separation of Powers in South Africa, (2017) Acta Juridica 75-98

‘South Africa’s Dilemma: Immunity Laws, International Obligations and the Visit by Sudan’s President Omar Al Bashir’ (2017) 26 (3) Washington International Law Journal 535-571

‘The Jus Cogens nature of the prohibition of sexual violence against women in armed conflicts and state responsibility’ (2016) 27(1) Stellenbosch Law Review 112-135

‘The ICC Pre-Trial Chamber’s decision on Malawi regarding the failure to arrest and surrender President Al Bashir of Sudan: An opportunity missed’ (2013) 28 (1) SA Public Law 106-120

‘Reflections on the African Union’s Right to Intervene’ (2012) 38(1) Brooklyn Journal of International Law 1-48


Prof Pieter Carstens

Prof Pieter Carstens lectures Criminal Law and Medical Law. His main focus areas of research are medical malpractice law, health care law and bioethics. He also holds an appointment as extraordinary professor in the department of forensic medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Pretoria. He was admitted as an advocate of the High Court of South Africa in 1983, was called to the Pretoria Bar in 1989 and is still an associate member of the Pretoria Bar. He is presently the director of the Centre for Law and Medicine.  He is a visiting professor at the Beazeley Institute for Health Law at the Loyola University of Chicago, USA and was a visiting professor at the Free University, Amsterdam and the Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. He is a past member of the ethics committee of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Pretoria and a member of the Hospital Board of Weskoppies Mental Hospital. He is the co-author of the authoritative book Foundational Principles of South African Medical Law (2007). He is a member of the World Association for Medical Law and a member of the South African Medico-Legal Society and a member of the Oxford Round Table for Public Law (Harris Manchester College, Oxford University).

Selected recent publications:

‘Revisiting criminal medical negligence resulting in death – S v Van Heerden 2010 1 SACR 529 (ECP)’ Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 74 (3) pp 677-682

‘Revisiting the infamous Pernkopf Anatomy Atlas: Historical lessons for medical law and ethics’ Fundamina 19 (2) pp 23-49

‘Revisiting the relationship between dolus eventualis and luxuria in context of vehicular collisions causing the death of fellow passengers and/or pedestrians: S v Humphreys 2013 (2) SACR 1 (SCA)’ South African Journal of Criminal Justice 26 (1) pp 67-74

‘Informed consent to cosmetic surgery – does a broader duty of disclosure exist?’ Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 76 (4) pp 642-653

‘Judicial recognition of the maxim res ipsa loquitur to a case of medical negligence - Lungile Ntsele v MEC for Health, Gauteng Provincial Government (unreported as yet, case number 2009/52394 (GSJ) dated 24 October 2012)’ Obiter 34 (2) pp 348-358

‘The application of res ipsa loquitur in medical negligence cases; a comparative survey’ (with P van den Heever) (2011) Cape Town: Juta (298 pages)


Prof Bernard Bekink

Prof Bernard Bekink’s research focuses on general aspects of constitutional law, both nationally and internationally, with a special interest in the South African constitutional legal system. He examines South African local government law as an applied field of public law within the SA constitutional dispensation.  Prof Bekink is an admitted and practising attorney of the High Court of South Africa.  He is member of various national and international organizations: IBA (International Bar Association); IACL (International Association of Constitutional Lawyers); CLA (Commonwealth Lawyers Association); and Law Society of South Africa (LSSA).

Selected recent publications:

B Bekink (2012) Principles of South African Constitutional Law LexisNexis.

B Bekink (2006) Principles of South African Local Government Law LexisNexis.

“Moving the seat of (SA) Parliament: To be or not to be?” (2003) Journal of Public Administration 386.

“Parental religious freedom and the rights and best interest of children” (2003) Journal for Contemporary Roman-Dutch Law 246.

“Presidential pardons: Constitutional necessity or political nuisance? Some points of critique” (2003) SA Public Law / Publiekreg 371.

“Balancing constitutional stability and flexibility: An evaluation of the constitutional amendment procedures” (2004) Journal of South African Law 657.

“A dilemma of the twenty-first century state: Questions on the balance between democracy and security” (2005) African Human Rights Law Journal 406.

“Aspects of rape, statutory rape and the choice on the Termination of Pregnancy Act 92 of 1996: Do we protect our minor women?” (2006) Journal for Contemporary Roman-Dutch Law 14 (co-authored with M Bekink).

“New legislative measures in South Africa aimed at combating over-indebtedness-Are the new proposals sufficient under the Constitution and the law in general?” (2006) International Insolvency Review 91 (co-authored with M Roestoff & S Renke).

“When do parents go too far? Are South African parents still allowed to chastise their children through corporal punishment in their private homes? (2006) South African Journal of Criminal Justice 173.

“Aspects of legislative drafting: Some South African realities (or, plain language is not always plain sailing)” (2007) Statute Law Review 34 (co-authored with CJ Botha).

“Considering the benefits of legal aid and legal representation as state expense for certain meritorious family institutions and their members: South African and International documents” (co-authored with M Bekink, Department of Mercantile Law, UNISA) accepted for publication in the special family law issue of Speculum Juris) (2010) (31 pages)

“Comments on the legal position regarding an application and request for legal representation at state expense, by an employee or councillor of a municipality in South Africa” submitted and accepted for publication in SAAPAM 2011.

“Maccsand v City of Cape Town…making sense of the interwoven legislative interplay of timelines, hierarchical status and spheres of government” De Jure (2015) 456-467 (11 pages) (co-authored with CJ Botha, UP.

“The participation of persons with disabilities in political and public law under SA contemporary constitutional law” De Jure (2016) Accepted for publication.

“The Mandament van Spolie, the restitution of unlawful possession and the impact of the Constitution of the RSA: Ngqukumba v Minister of Safety and Security 2014 (5) SA 112 (CC)” THRHR (2016) Accepted for publication. (co-authored with prof DG Kleyn, UP.


Prof Ilze Grobbelaar-Du Plessis

Dr Ilze Grobbelaar-Du Plessis’ research on disability law focuses on the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and the resultant changed approach with regard to the juridical management of persons with disabilities. This approach is aimed at a more inclusive and integrated public legal order with a view to the protection and promotion of the rights and interests of persons with disabilities on an equal footing with those of other persons.

Selected recent publications:

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis “The right of persons with intellectual disabilities to political participation: The legal capacity to vote” Zsolt Bujdosó and five others v Hungary Communication No 4/2011 (Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) (UN Doc CRPD/C/D/4/2011)” (2020) THRHR Vol 83 3 455 - 470

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & JJ Malan “Call me names, but does ugly make me hateful? The unjustifiable restriction on freedom of expression under the pretence of combatting hate speech” Qwelane v SAHRC & Others (686/2018)[2019] ZASCA 167 (29 November 2019) (2020) THRHR Vol 83 2 284 – 292

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & J Njau “Payday: Business as usual or a new dawn rising for persons with disabilities in the workplace” (2019) De Jure Vol 52 1 267 – 294

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & A Nienaber “Disability and Reasonable Accommodation: HM v Sweden Communication No 3/2011 (Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) (2014) South African Journal on Human Rights (SAJHR) Vol 30 2 366 – 379

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & C Globler “South African Country Report on Disability” (2013) in African Disability Rights Yearbook (ADRY) Vol 1 307 – 334

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis “African women with disabilities: The victims of multi-layered discriminations” (2007) SA Publiekreg/SA Public Law Vol 22 2 405 – 421

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis “Gestremdheid as menseregtekonsep: ʼn Internasionale klemverskuiwing” (2005) De Jure Vol 38 2 353 – 360

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis “Who are the disabled? The quest for a legislative definition” (2003) Obiter Vol 24 1 121 - 131 (DHET-accredited) (sole author)

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & E Kamundia “Supported decision-making and legal capacity in Kenya” in Mahomed, Sunkel, Stein and Patel (eds) (2020) Mental Health, Human Rights and Legal Capacity Cambridge University Press (in press)

I Grobbelaar-du Plessis & J Njau “Article 29 participation in political and public life” in Bantekas, Stein & Anastasiou (eds) (2018) The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – A Commentary Oxford University Press 834 – 862


Prof Koos Malan

Prof Koos Malan teaches, among other things, constitutional law and human rights law. His field of specialisation are constitutional theory and language law. He has published extensively in these fields. His interest in constitutional theory covers questions such as constitutional sovereignty and supremacy, the rule of law, constitutional change and democracy and the accommodation of diversity in modern constitutions. Malan penned an academic monograph titled ‘Politocracy: An assessment of the coercive logic of the territorial government and ideas around a response to it’ (2012). This was published by the Law Publishers of the University of Pretoria. Malan’s publications in the field of language law include a number of articles in peer reviewed journals. He is an active participant in the International Academy of Language Law.

Selected recent publications:

“Die versweë verandering van die Suid-Afrikaanse konstitusie / The silent change of the South African constitution" Journal for the Human Sciences / Tydskrif vir die Geesteswetenskappe 2018 (Vol 58 / 2) 387- 410

“Constitutional interpretation and the doctrine of the supreme constitution Konstitusionele interpretasie en die leerstuk van die oppermagtige grondwet” Publiekrechtelijken Kronieken / Croniques de Droit Public / Public Law Chronicles Vol 22 (2018 )2-21 ISBN 1379-0323 (Foreign journal)

"The Foundational Tenets of Johannes Althusius' Constitutionalism" PER / PELJ 2017(20) - DOI 1-27

"Johannes Althusius' Grand Federalism, the Role of the Ephors and Post-Statist Constitutionalism" PER / PELJ 2017(20) - DOI 1-35

“Anderkant verstaatlikte konstitusionalisme” Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe / Journal for the Human Sciences Vol 56 (2016) 1252-1264

“To what extent should the convention of cabinet secrecy still be recogniosed in South African constitutional law?” De Jure Vol 49 2016 117-133

“Considering an appropriate language policy for judicial proceedings in South Africa” in Revue de Droit Linguistique/Jnl for Language Law (2016) 20-59 (Foreign journal)

Die begrip ‘amptelikheid’ van ’n taal in die lig van onlangse buitelandse reg THRHR 2015 (1) 116-120

“Korrek beslis binne die raamwerk van wesenlik irrelevante reg” Lourens v Speaker of the National Assembly 2015 1 SA 618 (EqC) Litnet Akademies March 2015 362-372

“Die dinamika van die hedendaagse oppermagtige grondwet beskou in die lig van voor- en vroeg-Moderne opvattings oor regsoppergesag en populêre soewereiniteit” THRHR 2015 (2) 248-266

“Deliberating the rule of law and constitutional supremacy from the perspective of the factual perspective of law” PER/PELJ 2015/4 Vol 18 1205-1250 Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regstydskrif / Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal

An analysis of the legally protectable interests pertaining to language TSAR 2014 66-84 (19 pages) ISBN 0257-7747

Constitutional perspectives on the judgments of the Labour Appeal Court and the Supreme Court of Appeal in Solidarity (acting on behalf of Barnard) v South African Police Services De Jure 2014 (47) 118-140 (22 pages) ISBN 1466 3597

Taalverval met besondere verwysing na die ideologieë en praktyke van verstaatliking (Language deterioration with specific reference to the ideologies and practises of statism) Journal of Human Sciences/Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe, 2014 (54) 462-480 ISBN 0041 4751

The suitability and unsuitability of Ubuntu in constitutional law – inter-communal relations versus public office-bearing De Jure 2014 (47) 231-257


Prof Melanie Murcott

Dr Melanie Murcott teaches in the fields of administrative and environmental law. Her research focus, in the context of socio-economic rights litigation, explores whether, and if so, how administrative and environmental laws can help to achieve greater access to basic resources for poor South Africans. She is a member of the Environmental Law Association and the Global Network for the Study of Human Rights and the Environment, and is the University's representative on the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law.

Selected recent publications:

“What the ECtHR Could Learn from Courts in the Global South” in Verfassungsblog (2022) on Comparative Climate Litigation in North-South Perspective (with Dr Maria Antonia Tigre and Dr Nessa Zimmermann).

“Chapter 6: Procedural Fairness” in G Quinot (ed) Administrative Justice in South Africa: An Introduction (2021).

“Innovative Regulation of Meat Consumption in South Africa: An Environmental Rights Perspective” (2021) Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 24 1-47 (with Tokyo Ndlela).

“Litigation and regulatory governance in the age of the Anthropocene: the case of fracking in the Karoo” (2020) Transnational Legal Theory 11(1-2) 144 (with Dr Emily Webster).

“The Procedural Right of Access to Information as a Means of Implementing Environmental Constitutionalism in South Africa” in E Daly and J May (eds) Implementing Environmental Constitutionalism: Current Global Challenges (2018).

“Introducing Transformative Environmental Constitutionalism” in E Daly et al (eds) New Frontiers in Environmental Constitutionalism (2017).

“Transformative Environmental Constitutionalism’s Response to the Setting Aside of South Africa’s Moratorium on Rhino Horn Trade” (2017) Humanities 6 84.

“The Ebb and Flow of the Application of the Principle of Subsidiarity - Critical Reflections on Motau and My Vote Counts” (2015) Constitutional Court Review 7 43 (with Werner van der Westhuizen).

“The role of environmental justice in socio-economic rights litigation” (2015) South African Law Journal 132(4) 875.

“A future for the doctrine of substantive legitimate expectation? Implications of Kwazulu-Natal Join Liaison Committee v MEC for Education, Kwazulu-Natal” (2015) Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal 18(1) 3133.


Prof Philip Stevens

Dr Philip Stevens lectures Criminal Law and Statutory Crimes and his main focus areas for research are criminal law and mental health law with specific reference to the interface between criminal law and mental health law. He serves on the Faculty of Law’s Research Ethics committee as well as the Research Ethics Committee at the Faculty of Health Sciences.  He is an associate member of the Pretoria Bar.

Selected recent publications:

‘Forget me not: Thoughts on the crossroads between law and medicine in assessing claims of amnesia’ De Jure 2 (44) 273-289

‘Unravelling the entrapment enigma: Reflections on the role of the mental health expert in the assessment of battered woman syndrome and coercive control advanced in support of a defence of non-pathological criminal incapacity (1)and (2) Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 74 (3) 432-448

‘The hand that rocks the cradle: Reflections on postpartum psychosis and the defence of pathological criminal incapacity’ Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 75 (2) 280-287

‘Pathological criminal incapacity and the conceptual interface between law and medicine (co-author J le Roux)’ South African Journal on Criminal Justice 25 (1) 44-66

‘Multiple Acts of Sexual Penetration Within a Short Period of Time – Single or Multiple Acts of Rape?’ Obiter (2013)34 (1) 159-165

‘Re-establishing triability by means of psychotropic medication: An analysis’ Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 76 (2)  252-260

‘The mirror has Two Faces: Dissociative Identity Disorder and the Defence of Pathological Criminal Incapacity – A South African Criminal Law Perspective’ Medicine and Law 32 (1) pp 33-52

‘Decriminalising consensual sexual acts between adolescents within a constitutional framework: The Teddy Bear Clinic for Abused Children and Another v Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development and Others: Case 73300/10 [2013] ZAGPPHC 1 (4 January 2013)’ South African Journal of Criminal Justice (2013)(1) pp 41-54

‘Re-assessing the interpretation of “pointing” for purposes of establishing the offence of pointing a firearm – Xabendlini v State (608/10) [2011] ZASCA 86’ Journal of Contemporary Roman Dutch Law (THRHR) 76 (3) pp 468-471.

Hannibal Revisited: Antisocial Personality Disorder versus Psychopathy – Medico-legal perspectives from South Africa- Medicine and Law 2014(2).

The Role of Impulse control disorders in assessing criminal responsibility-medicolegal perspectives from South Africa Psychiatry, Psychology and Law (2015).

Paraphilia and sex offending-a South African Criminal Law Perspective-submitted for publication in the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (2016)(2).

Recent trends in Explaining Abuse within Intimate Relationships- Journal of Criminal Law- (2014)(2).

Adjudicating pathological criminal incapacity within a climate of ultimate issue barriers-a comparative perspective- in International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (2015)(1).

Behavioural Science Evidence in Child Sexual Abuse Prosecutions in South Africa: A Jurisprudential and Comparative insight (Co-author E Lubaale) Obiter (2015)(2).

The concept of premeditation in South African criminal –Quo Vadis? South African Journal of Criminal Justice (2015)(3)

“Paraphilia and sex offending - a South African Criminal Law Perspective”  in the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry- (2016) 47 p 93-101

“Ethical Issues pertaining to forensic assessments in mental capacity assessments-reflections from South Africa’-Psychiatry, Psychology and Law (2017) 24(4) p 628-639

"A Mother’s Love? Postpartum disorders, the DSM-5 and criminal responsibility - a South African medicolegal perspective” Psychiatry, Psychology and Law (2018) 25 (2) 186-196


Prof Martha Bradley

Prof Bradley’s general areas of specialisation lie in public international law and international humanitarian law. After completing her doctorate in 2018, Professor Bradley has increasingly focused her research on conflict classification and the law of non-international armed conflict. Her interests lie in the area of the practice of organised armed groups in Africa and in analysing complex situations which challenge classification, including situations where organised armed groups are fragmented, where there is low-intensity armed conflict, as well as situations of cross-border armed conflicts. She has also published on the doctrine of command responsibility.

Selected recent publications:

Bradley, M ‘Determining the intensity threshold in a mosaic of non-international armed conflicts, from Lubanga to Ongwen: The International Criminal Court’s contribution towards a cumulative assessment approach’ THRHR 2021 (48)2 199- 217 (DHET accredited).

Bradley, M and De Beer, A 'The Collective Responsibility of Organised Armed Groups for Sexual and Gender-Based Violence during a Non-International Armed Conflict' Stellenbosch Law Review 2021 (32)1 129-154.

Bradley, M ‘Classifying non-international armed conflicts: The “territorial control” requirement under Additional Protocol II in an era of complex conflicts’ (2020) 11 (2) Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies 349-384 (SCOPUS index).

De Beer, A and Bradley, M ‘Appellate deference v de novo analysis of evidence: The decision of the Appeals Chamber in Prosecutor v Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo’ (2021) 22 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 153-185 (SCOPUS index).

Bradley, M and De Beer, A ‘“All necessary and reasonable measures”: The Bemba case and the threshold for command responsibility" (2020) 20(2) International Criminal Law Review 163-213 (SCOPUS index).

Bradley, M ‘Revisiting the scope of application of Additional Protocol II: Exploring the inherent minimum threshold requirements (2019) African Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 81-123 (DHET accredited).

Bradley, M ‘“Protracted armed conflict”: A conundrum. Does article 8(2)(f) of the Rome Statute require an organised armed group to meet the organisational criteria of Additional Protocol II?’ (2019) 3 South African Journal of Criminal Justice 291-323 (DHET accredited).

Bradley, M ‘Revisiting the notion of “organised armed group” in accordance with Common Article 3: Exploring the inherent minimum threshold requirements’ (June 2019) African Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 50-79 (DHET accredited).

Bradley, M ‘Revisiting the notion of “intensity” inherent in Common Article 3: An examination of the minimum threshold which satisfies the notion of “intensity” and a discussion of the possibility of applying a method of cumulative assessment’ (2017) 17(2) International Comparative Law Review 7-38.

Bradley, M ‘The “intensity” threshold in accordance with article 8(2)(f) the Rome Statute: The conundrum the concept “protracted armed conflict” raises and the probability of a new category of non-international armed conflict’ (2017) South African Yearbook of International Law 42-79 (DHET accredited).

Bradley, M ‘Expanding the borders of Common Article 3 in non-international armed conflicts: Amending its geographical application through subsequent practice?’ (2017) 64(3) Netherlands International Law Review 375-406 (IBSS accredited).


 Adv Leon Gerber

Leon Gerber is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Public Law and the Programme Director for the Extractive Industry Law in Africa Programme. Leon's expertise is in Mineral- and Environmental Law and Policy, with his research and teaching activities relating to the regulation and governance of mining, particularly the developmental, social and environmental aspects of the sector. His primary research stream is in the incipient field of regulatory frameworks for seabed mining. His secondary research streams include the relationship between mining and development in Africa; emergent mineral value chains; responsible mineral resource governance; the optimisation of mining agreements; security and conflict in the natural resource sectors,  and the implications of international environmental law for mining operations.

Selected recent publications:

Eniowo, O.D., Meyer, L.D., Kilambo, S.R., & Gerber, L.J., 'Implications of credit constraint on the formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in sub-Saharan Africa', 122(3) Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, (2022), 97-106.

Gerber L. and Grogan R., 'Challenges of Operationalising Good Industry Practice and Best Environmental Practice in Deep Seabed Mining Regulation', Special Edition: Environmental issues around deep seabed mining, 114 Marine Policy (2020).

Gerber L., Grogan R., ‘Good Industry Practice & Best Environmental Practice’, First Report of the Code Project: Developing ISA Environmental Regulations (Pew Charitable Trusts, 2017).

Currie D., Gerber L., ‘Public Participation’, First Report of the Code Project: Developing ISA Environmental Regulations (Pew Charitable Trusts, 2017).

Switzer S., Gerber L., Sindico F., "Access to Minerals: WTO Export Restrictions and Climate Change Considerations", in Rolland (ed) [Special issue: "Climate Change and International Economic Law: Chiasms and Complementarities"] 4:3 Laws, Georgetown University Law Center, (2015) 617-637.

Gerber, L., and Sindico, F., "Mining and Sustainable Development", in Fitzmaurice, M., Maljean-Dubois, S., Negri, S. (eds), Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development from Rio to Rio+20 (Brill-Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2014).


Prof Dire Tladi

Prof Dire Tladi lectures International Law, International Law on Sustainable Development and International Environmental Law. He is a member of the International Law Commission, International Law Association and the International Law Association Committee on International Law on Sustainable Development. Before joining the University of Pretoria he was the Principal State Law Adviser (International Law) in the Department of International Relations and Cooperation/Foreign Affairs.

Selected recent publications

“Interpretation of Treaties in an International Law-Friendly Framework: the Case of South Africa” in Georg Nolte and Helmut Aust (Ed.) The Interpretation of International Law by Domestic Courts Uniformity, Diversity, Convergence (2016)

“The Proposed Implementing Agreement: Options for Coherence and Consistency in the Establishment of Marine Protected Areas” (2015) 30 International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 654*

“Conservation and Sustainable use of Marine Biological Diversity in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: Towards an Implementing Agreement” in Rosemary Rayfuse (Ed.) Research Handbook on International Environmental Law (2015)

“The United Nations Charter and the South African Legal Order” in de Wet, Hestermeyer and Wolfrum (Eds.) The Implementation of International Law in Germany and South Africa (2015)

“The Duty on South Africa to Arrest and Surrender President Al Bashir under South African Law: A Perspective from International Law” (2015) 13 Journal of International Criminal Justice 1027*

“The Immunity Provisions in the AU Amendment Protocol: Separating the (Doctrinal) Wheat from the Normative (Chaff)” (2015) 13 Journal of International Criminal Justice 3*

“The Common Heritage of Mankind and the Proposed Treaty on Areas beyond National Jurisdiction” (2014) 25 Yearbook of International Environmental Law (forthcoming)

“Challenges and Opportunities in the Implementation of the Supplementary Protocol: Reinterpretation and Re-imagination” in Akiho Shibata (Ed) International Liability Regime for Biodiversity Damage (2014)

“National Commissioner of the South African Police Service v Southern African Litigation Centre (Sup Ct S Afr) – Introductory Note” (2015) 54 International Legal Materials 152

“A horizontal Treaty on Cooperation in International Criminal Matters: The next step for the evolution of a comprehensive international criminal justice system?” (2014) 29 Southern African Public Law 368*

“When Elephants Collide it is the Grass that Suffers: Cooperation and the Security Council in the Context of AU/ICC Dynamics” (2014) 7 African Journal of Legal Studies 381*

“State Practice and the Making and (Re)Making of International Law: The Case of the Legal Rules Relating to Marine Biodiversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction” (2014) 1 Journal of State Practice and International Law 97


Dr Keneilwe Radebe

Her main areas of specialisation are Constitutional Law and Media Law.

Selected recent publications

Radebe MK (2014) The unconstitutional practices of the judicial service commission under the guise of judicial transformation: Cape bar council v Judicial Service Commission and Another [2012] PER/PLJ 2014 (17)3.


Ms Rani Pillay

Ms Pillay’s general areas of specialization are Child Law, Human Rights Law, Medical Law and Bioethics.  She has published on issues such as redefining human personhood, misattributed paternity, custody (care) decision-making and surrogacy. She has also been interviewed on radio, television and newspapers for her legal opinion on the rights of donor-conceived children to know their biogenetic origins.

Selected recent publications

R Pillay and FN Zaal 'Surrogate Motherhood Confirmation Hearings: The Advent of a Fundamentally Flawed Process’ (2013) 130(3) South African Law Journal 476-485.

R Pillay and FN Zaal ‘Misattributed Paternity:  Should There Be a Right to Reimbursement of Maintenance Erroneously Paid?’ (2012) 23(3) Stellenbosch Law Review 583-597.

R Pillay and FN Zaal ‘Protecting Parties from Ambush: Some Recommendations on Discovery in Children's Court Litigation’ (2011) 128(4) South African Law Journal 632- 642.

R Pillay ‘The Beginning of Human Personhood: Is South African Law Outdated?’ (2010) 21(2) Stellenbosch Law Review 230-238.

R Pillay and CR Matthias ‘A Problem of Disparity? An Analysis of Child Custody Criteria Applied by Family Counsellors in Divorce Cases’ (2007) 19(1) Social Work Practitioner Researcher 26-39.

R Pillay and FN Zaal ‘Child-Interactive Video Recordings:  A Proposal for Hearing the Voices of Children in Divorce Matters’ (2005) 122 (3) South African Law Journal 684-695.

FN Zaal and R Pillay ‘No Special Access Rights for Grandparents?  An Evaluation of our Law after Townsend-Turner v Morrow’ (2005) 122 (2) South African Law Journal 300-308.



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