Valuation of income-producing properties, valuation of leasehold interests, valuation for insurance purposes, land with development potential, mass valuations and the valuation report. Expropriation: the legislation; the process; compensation; methods of valuation. Influence of re-zoning on value; valuation of farmland; usually non-negotiable properties; large shopping centres; air space; interest in time-share; leasehold interests; retirement villages; mining rights. Valuation of properties classified as “special” in terms of function, design, construction, or location: market/non-market properties; market and marketability analysis, the influence of location on the marketability and cost of ownership of property, different location modules. Compiling and writing a valuation report.