GINA: A policymaker's guide to integrating gender in food and nutrition policies

GINA: A policymaker’s guide to integrating gender in food and nutrition policies was developed as a manual to guide policymakers and other stakeholders through the steps of conducting gender analysis. This six-part series defines technical concepts related to gender and eases the application of the GINA checklist. This tool helps policymakers to:

  1. Determine if a policy is gender-responsive
  2. Identify gender gaps in the policy
  3. Highlight gender biases and ideologies

Policymakers personal perspectives of gender tend to influence how they integrate gender in policy. In a domain like nutrition, policymakers frequently emphasise women because society typically associates food and nutrition with women. However, opportunities exist for improving nutrition and advancing gender equality at the same time. The Integrated Framework for Gender Analysis in Nutrition Policy (GINA) was developed to help policymakers integrate gender in food and nutrition policies and identify gaps in the policy while keeping them aware of personal gender beliefs that may be influencing the policy choices. GINA has been used to assess policies in Malawi and improve the gender aspects of Malawi’s Multi-Sector Nutrition Policy.


Introducing GINA

Integrating gender in policy


Gender norms, roles and relations


Are there gaps in the policy?

What about biases and ideologies?


Bringing it all together


 Additional resources:

  1. GINA checklist:
  2. An application of GINA: A gender assessment of Malawi's National Nutrition Policy and Strategic Plan 2007–2012:
  3. FAO gender mainstreaming in nutrition:
  4. WHO gender assessment tool:
  5. A qualitative analysis of men’s involvement in maternal and child health as a policy intervention in rural Central Malawi:
  6. “The role of the man is to look for food”: Lessons from men’s involvement in maternal and child health programmes in rural Central Malawi:

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