Research Publications

AUTHORS TITLE CITATION
Carel T. Viljoen, Dina C. Janse van Rensburg, Evert Verhagen, Willem van Mechelen, Rita Tomás, Marlene Schoeman, Susan Scheepers, Elzette Korkie Epidemiology of Injury and Illness Among Trail Runners: A Systematic Review Sports Medicine 2021 Feb 4. 
Carel T. Viljoen, Dina C.(Christa) Janse van Rensburg, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Evan Booysen, Shihluke Chauke, Petro Coetzee,Amy Hurlimann, Mignette Jooste, Yoliswa Nibe, Chene Schulenburg,Elzette Korkie, Dimakatso Ramagole, Catharina Grant, Tanita Cronje One in four trail running race entrants sustained an injury in the 12 months training preceding the 2019 SkyRun race Physical Therapy in Sport 47 (2021) 120-126
Marcel Jooste, Martin Schwellnus, Nicola Sewry, Dina C (Christa) Janse Van Rensburg, Dimakatso A. Ramagole, Sonja Swanevelder & Esme Jordaan Chronic prescription medication use in endurance runners: a cross-sectional study in 76,654 race entrants – SAFER XV The Physician and Sportsmedicine, DOI: 10.1080/00913847.2021.1885965
Martin Schwellnus, Nicola Sewry, Carolette Snyders, Kelly Kaulback, Paola Silvia Wood, Ishen Seocharan, Wayne Derman, James H Hull, Maarit Valtonen, Esme Jordaan Symptom cluster is associated with prolonged return-to-play in symptomatic athletes with acute respiratory illness (including COVID-19): a cross-sectional study—AWARE study I Br J Sports Med 2021;0:1–9.
James H Hull, Martin P Schwellnus, David B Pyne, Anand Shah COVID-19 vaccination in athletes: ready, set, go… Lancet Respir Med 2021, Published Online, February 5, 2021
Killops J, Schwellnus M, van Rensburg DC, Swanevelder S, Jordaan E.  Medical encounters, cardiac arrests and deaths during a 109 km community-based mass-participation cycling event: a 3-year study in 102 251 race starters—SAFER IX.  British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2020 May 1;54(10):605-11.
Derman W, Runciman P, Jordaan E, Schwellnus M, Blauwet C, Webborn N, Lexell J, Van de Vliet P, Kissick J, Stomphorst J, Lee YH.  High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days.   British journal of sports medicine. 2020 Jan 1;54(1):38-43.
Schwellnus M, van Rensburg CJ, Bayne H, Derman W, Readhead C, Collins R, Kourie A, Suter J, Sewry N, Jordaan E.  Team illness prevention strategy (TIPS) is associated with a 59% reduction in acute illness during the Super Rugby tournament: a control–intervention study over 7 seasons involving 126 850 player days.  British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2020 Feb 1;54(4):245-9. 
Roald Bahr ,Ben Clarsen , Wayne Derman, Jiri Dvorak, Carolyn A Emery,  Caroline F Finch, Martin Hägglund, Astrid Junge, Simon Kemp, Karim M Khan, Stephen W Marshall, Willem Meeuwisse, Margo Mountjoy, John W Orchard, Babette Pluim, Kenneth L Quarrie, Bruce Reider, Martin Schwellnus, Torbjørn Soligard, Keith A Stokes, Toomas Timpka, Evert Verhagen, Abhinav Bindra, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen,Uğur Erdener, Karim Chamari International Olympic Committee consensus statement: methods for recording and reporting of epidemiological data on injury and illness in sport 2020 (including STROBE Extension for Sport Injury and Illness Surveillance (STROBE-SIIS)) The Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine 8(2), Feb 2020
Nicola Sewry, Martin Schwellnus, Jannelene Killops, Sonja Swanevelder,
Dina C Janse Van Rensburg, Esme Jordaan
Risk Factors for Illness-related Medical Encounters
during Cycling: A Study in 102,251 Race Starters—SAFER XI
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise Publish Ahead of Print, 14 August 2020.
David Humphries, Rod Jaques, H Paul Dijkstra, Irfan Asif, Mark E Batt, Mats Borjesson, Emin Ergen, Celeste Geertsema ,Boris Gojanovic, Anca Ionescu, Dina Christina (Christa) Janse van Rensburg, Constance Lebrun, Nahar Azmi Mohamed, Margo Mountjoy, Tvisha Parikh, Diana Robinson, Robert Sallis, Martin Schwellnus, Padraig Sheeran Delphi developed syllabus for the medical specialty of sport and exercise medicine: part 2 British Journal of Sports Medicine, 24 Sep, 2020
Jannelene Killops, Nicola Ann Sewry, Martin Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Dina Janse van Rensburg, Esme Jordaan Women, older age, faster cycling speed and increased wind speeds are independent risk factors for acute injury-related medical encounters during a 109 km mass community-based participation cycling event: a 3-year study in 102251 race starters—SAFER XII Injury Prevention, 28 Aug 2020
John Orchard, Willem Meeuwisse, Wayne Derman, Martin Hagglund, Torbjorn Soligard, Martin Schwellnus, Roald Bahr Sport Medicine Diagnostic Coding System (SMDSC) and the Orchard Sports Injury and Illness Classification System (OSIICS): revised 2020 consensus versions  Br J Sports Med 2020;54:397–401.
Nicola Sewry, Martin Schwellnus, Mats Borjesson, Sonja Swanevelder Pre‐race screening and stratification predicts adverse events – a 4‐year study in 29585 ultramarathon entrants, SAFER X Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 30(7), March 2020. 
James Hull, Mike Loosemore, Martin Schwellnus Respiratory health in athletes: facing the COVID-19 challenge The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 8 (6), 557-558. April 2020
Francois du Toit, Martin Schwellnus, Paola Wood, Sonja Swanevelder, Jannelene Killops, Esme Jordaan History of chronic disease is a novel intrinsic risk factor associated with gradual onset injuries in recreational road cyclists: A cross- sectional study in 21,824 cyclists -SAFER XIV Physical Therapy in Sport 2020;46:137-144
Francois du Toit, Martin Schwellnus, Paola Wood, Sonja Swanevelder, Jannelene Killops, Esme Jordaan Epidemiology, clinical characteristics and severity of gradual onset injuries in recreational road cyclists: A cross-sectional study in 21824 cyclists - SAFER XIII Physical Therapy in Sport 2020;46:113-119
Benjamin Clarsen, Roald Bahr, Grethe Myklebust, Stig Haugsboe Andersson, Sean Iain Docking, Michael Drew, Caroline F Finch, Lauren Victoria Fortington, Joar Harøy, Karim M Khan, Bill Moreau, Isabel S Moore, Merete Møller, Dustin Nabhan, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Kati Pasanen, Martin Schwellnus, Torbjørn Soligard, Evert Verhagen Improved reporting of overuse injuries and health problems in sport: An update of the Oslo Sport Trauma Research Center questionnaires Br J Sports Med 2020;54:390–396
Dina C Janse van Rensburg, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Peter Fowler, Hugh Fullagar, David Stevens, Shona Halson, Amy Bender, Grace Vincent, Amanda Claassen-Smithers, Ian Dunican, Gregory Daniel Roach, Charli Sargent, Michele Lastella, Tanita Cronje How to manage travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes? A systematic review of interventions Br J Sports Med Epub ahead of print.  doi:10.1136/bjsports-2019-101635
Dina Janse van Rensburg, Peter Fowler, Sebastien Racinais Practical tips to manage travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes Br J Sports Med 2020;0:1–2. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2020-103163
DA Ramagole, DC Janse van Rensburg, L Pillay, P Viviers, P Zondi, J Patricios Implications of COVID-19 for resumption of sport in South Africa: A South African Sports Medicine Association (SASMA) position statement - Part 1 S Afr J Sports Med 2020; 32:1-6. DOI: 10.17159/2078-516X/2020/v32i1a8454
DA Ramagole, DC Janse van Rensburg, L Pillay, P Viviers, P Zondi, J Patricios Implications of COVID-19 for resumption of sport in South Africa: A South African Sports Medicine Association (SASMA) position statement – Part 2 S Afr J Sports Med 2020; 32:1-5. DOI: 10.17159/2078-516X/2020/v32i1a8986
Lervasen Pillay, Dina Christa Janse van Rensburg, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Dimakatso Ramagole, Louis Holtzhausen, H. Paul Dijkstra, Tanita Cronje Nowhere to hide: The significant impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) measures on elite and semi-elite South African athletes J Sci Med Sport (2020), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.05.016
Contributors: Dina C. Janse van Rensburg, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Catharina C. Grant & Dimakatso A. Ramagole An Insider’s Guide to Conducting an Epidemiological Investigation in Mass-Based Cycling Events. In: Product: SAGE Research Methods Cases: Medicine and Health
Methods: Case study research, Ethical approval, Planning research
SAGE Publications Ltd  Online ISBN: 9781529744088. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781529744088
Derman W, Runciman P, Schwellnus M, Jordaan E, Blauwet C, Webborn N, Lexell J, Van der Vliet P, Kissick J, Stomphorst J, Kim K, Lee Y Incidence rate and Burden of Illness at the 2018 Pyeongchang Paralympic Winter Games: A Prospective Cohort Study of 6804 Athlete Days Br J Sports Med. 2019 Sep;53(17):1099-1104.
Schwellnus M, Kipps C, Roberts WO, Drezner JA, D’Hemecourt P, Troyanos C, Janse van Rensburg DC, Killops J, Borresen J, Harrast M, Harrast M,  Adami PE, Bermon S, Bigard X, Migliorini S, Jordaan E, Borjesson M Medical encounters (including injury and illness) at mass community-based endurance sports events: an international consensus statement on definitions and methods of data recording and reporting Br J Sports Med. 2019 Sep;53(17):1048-1055
Schwellnus, M., Jordaan, E., Janse van Rensburg, C., Bayne, H Match injury incidence during the Super Rugby tournament is high: a prospective cohort study over five seasons involving 93 641 player-hours. British Journal of Sports Medicine Br J Sports Med. 2019. 53(10)
Bayne, H, Clark J, Cockcroft J The reliability and usefulness of biomechanical measures of countermovement jump performance in elite rowers ISBS Proceedings Archive Vol 37 : Iss 1, article 117
Abrahams S, McFie S, Lacerda M, Patricios J, Suter S, September A, Posthumus M Unravelling the interaction between the DRD2 and DRD4 genes, personality traits and concussion risk BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2019 Feb 2;5(1)
Abrahams S, McFie S, Patricios J, Suter S, September A, Posthumus M Toxic tau: TAU gene polymorphisms associate with concussion history in rugby union players  J Sci Med Sport. 2019 Jan 22(1) 22-28
Janse Van Rensburg DC, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Martin P Schwellnus Coping with jet lag and protecting athlete health when travelling Aspetar Sports Medicine Journal.
Routunno A, Schwellnus M, Swanevelder S, Jordaan E, Janse van Rensburg D, Derman W Novel Factors Associated With Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Medication Use in Distance Runners: Pre-race Screening Among 76 654 Race Entrants—SAFER Study VI Clin J Sports Med 2018;28:427-434
Schwabe K, Schwellnus M, Swanevelder S, Jodaan S, Derman W, Bosch A Leisure athletes at risk of medical complications: outcomes of pre-participation screening among 15,778 endurance runners - SAFER VII  Phy Sports Med 2018;46:405-413
Bayne, H The influence of foot position on scrum kinetics during machine scrummaging J Sports Sci 2018;36:2836-2842
Janse van Rensburg DC, Schwellnus M, Derman W, Webborn N Illness among Paralympic athletes: Epidemiology, Risk markers, and preventative strategies. Phys Med Rehab 2018;29:185-203
Schwellnus M, Janse van Rensburg DC, Derman W, Swanevelder S, Jordaan E,  Underlying Chronic Disease, Medication Use, History of Running Injuries and Being a More Experienced Runner Are Independent Factors Associated With Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramping: A Cross-Sectional Study in 15778 Distance Runners Clin J Sport Med 2018;28:289-298
Derman W, Blauwet C, Webborn N, Schwellnus M, Van de Vliet P, Dimitrije Laearovski Mitigating risk of injury in alpine skiing in the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: the time is now! Br J Sports Med 2018;52:419–420
Derman W, Runciman P, Schwellnus M, Jordaan E, Blauwet C, Webborn N, Lexell J, Van der Vliet P, Tuakli-Wosornu Y, Kissick J, Stomphorst J High precompetition injury rate dominates the injury profile at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days. Br J Sports Med 2018;52:24–31
Breedt M, Janse van Rensburg DC, Fletcher L, Schwellnus MP, Grant CC  The injury and illness profile of male and female participants in a 94.7 km cycle race: A cross-sectional study. Clin J Sport Med. 2017 Oct 11. 
Stovitz S, Weseman JD, Hooks MC, Schmidt RJ, Koffel JB, Patricios JS. What Definition Is Used to Describe Second Impact Syndrome in Sports? A Systematic and Critical Review. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2017; 16(1):50–55 
Jon Patricios, Gordon Ward Fuller, Richard Ellenbogen, Stanley Herring , Jeffrey S Kutcher, Mike Loosemore, Michael Makdissi, Michael McCrea, Margot Putukian, Kathryn J Schneider What are the critical elements of sideline screening that can be used to establish the diagnosis of concussion? A systematic review.  Br J Sports Med 2017;51:888–895
Leigh Gordon, Martin Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman Recent acute prerace systemic illness in runners increases the risk of not finishing the race: SAFER study V.   Br J Sports Med 2017;51:1295–1300
P McCrory, W Meeuwisse, J Dvorak, M Aubry, J Bailes, S Broglio, RC Cantu, D Cassidy, RJ Echemendia, RJ Castellani, GA Davis, R Ellenbogen, C Emery, L Engebretsen, N Feddermann-Demont, CC Giza, KM Guskiewicz, S Herring, GL Iverson, KM Johnston, J Kissick,J Kutcher, JJ Leddy, D Maddock, M Makdissi, G Manley, M McCrea, WP Meehan, S Nagahiro, J Patricios, M Putukian, KJ Schneider, A Sills, CH Tator, M Turner, PE Vos Consensus statement on concussion in sport—the 5thinternational conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016.  Br J Sports Med 2017;0:1–10. 
Schwellnus, Martin Peter  Pre-marathon Evaluations: Is There a Role for Runner Prerace Medical Screening and Education to Reduce the Risk of Medical Complications? Curr Sports Med Rep. Vol 16, No 3, May/June 2017

 
Bayne H, Schwellnus M, Janse Van Rensburg D, Botha J, Pillay L Incidence of injury and illness in South African professional male football players: A prospective cohort study.   J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017 May 09.
M P Schwellnus, M D Hoffman Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) Channels and Exercise Associated Muscle Cramping (EAMC): A Tale of Multiple Complexities. Muscle Nerve 56: 355–357, 2017
Paola Wood, Catharina Grant, Peet du Toit, Lizelle Fletcher Effect of Mixed Basic Military Training on the physical fitness of male and female soldiers.   Military Medicine, Vol 182:7, 1 July 2017, e1771–e1779
RJ Echemendia, W Meeuwisse, PMcCrory, GA Davis, M Putukian, J Leddy, M Makdissi, S Sullivan, SP Broglio, M Raftery, K Schneider, J Kissick, M McCrea, J Dvořák, AK Sills, M Aubry,  L Engebretsen, M Loosemore, G Fuller, J Kutcher, R Ellenbogen, K Guskiewicz, J Patricios,  S Herring The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (SCAT5): Background and rationale. Br J Sports Med 2017;51:848–850
GA Davis, L Purcell, KJ Schneider, K Owen Yeates, GA Gioia, V Anderson, RG Ellenbogen, RJ Echemendia, M Makdissi, A Sills, GL Iverson, J Dvořák, P McCrory, W Meeuwisse, J Patricios, CC Giza, JS Kutcher The Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (Child SCAT5): Background and rationale. Br J Sports Med 2017;51:859–861
RJ Echemendia, W Meeuwisse, P McCrory, GA Davis, M Putukian, J Leddy, M Makdissi, S J Sullivan, SP Broglio, M Raftery, K Schneider, J Kisick, M McCrea, J Dvořák, AK Sills, M Aubry, L Engebretsen, M Loosemore, G Fuller, J Kutcher, R Ellenbogen, K Guskiewicz, J Patricios, S Herring The Concussion Recognition Tool 5th Edition (CRT5): Background and rationale Br J Sports Med 2017;51:870–871
S MC Fie, S Abrahams, J Patricios, J Suter, M Posthumus, AV September The association between catechol o-methyltransferase (comt) rs4680 polymorphism, harm avoidance scores, and concussion history in rugby union players. Br J Sports Med June 2017;51:e1
S Abrahams, S Mc Fie, J Patricios, J Suter, M Posthumus ,AV September An association between polymorphisms within the APOE gene and concussion aetiology in rugby union players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 21(2018) 117-122.
MP Schwellnus; K Schwabe; S Swanevelder; E Jordaan; W Derman Pre-Race Medical Screening and Educational Intervention Reduces Medical Complications: A SAFER Study in 153208 Runners   Med Sci Sp Exerc Vol 49(5S) Suppl 1, May 2017, p 667.
S Mc Fie, S Abrahams, J Patricios, J Suter, M Posthumus, AV September The association between COMT rs4680 and 5-HTTLPR genotypes and concussion history in South African rugby union players.  Journal of Sports Sciences 2017, 36:8, 920-933
Jon Patricios  Resilient or reckless? Robust debate on risk and reward in sport.  Br J Sports Med 2017;51:1105
C C Grant, L Mongwe, DC Janse Van Rensburg, L Fletcher, PS Wood, P du Toit, TC Grant The difference between exercise induced autonomic and fitness changes measured after 12 weeks and 20 weeks of medium to high intensity military training.  J Strength Cond Res 2016 Sep;30(9):2453-9
EC Olivier; E Muller, DC Janse van Rensburg Clay-shoveler's fracture in a paddler: A case report.  Clin J Sport Med 2016 May;26(3):e69-70
E B Kramer, L Serratosa, J Drezner, J Dvorak Sudden cardiac arrest on the football field of play—highlights for sports medicine from  the European Resuscitation Council 2015 Consensus Guidelines.  Br J Sports Med 2016;50:81-83
LJ Serratosa, EB Kramer, HD Pereira, J Dvorak, PL Ripoll CPR 11: a mobile application that can help in saving lives (Mobile App User Guide). Br J Sports Med 2016;0:1-2
N  Webborn, D Cushman. CA Blauwet, C Emery, W Derman, M Schwellnus, J Stomphorst, P Van de Vliet, SE Willick The Epidemiology of Injuries in Football at the London 2012 Paralympic Games.  PM&R 2016 Jun;8(6):545-52
S. E Willick, D. M. Cushman, C. A. Blauwet, C. Emery, N. Webborn, W. Derman, M. Schwellnus, J. Stomphorst, P. Van de Vliet The epidemiology of injuries in powerlifting at the London 2012 Paralympic Games: An analysis of 1411 athlete-days. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2016: 26: 1233–1238
Cheri A. Blauwet, Daniel Cushman, Carolyn Emery, Stuart E. Willick, Nick Webborn, Wayne Derman, Martin Schwellnus, Jaap Stomphorst, Peter Van de Vliet The risk of injuries in Paralympic track and field differs by impairment and event discipline:  A prospective cohort study at the London 2012 Paralympic Games. Am J Sports Med 2016 Jun;44(6):1455-62
W Derman, M P Schwellnus, E Jordaan, P Runciman, P Van de Vliet, C Blauwet, N Webborn, S Willick, J Stomphorst The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days. Br J Sports Med 2016;50:1064-1068
S Kemp, J Patricios, M Raftery Is the content and duration of the graduated return to play protocol after concussion demanding enough? A challenge for Berlin 2016 Br J Sports Med 2016;50:644–645
Martin Raftery, Simon Kemp, Jon Patricios, Michael Makdissi, Philippe Decq It is time to give concussion an operational definition: a 3-step process to diagnose (or rule out) concussion within 48 h of injury: World Rugby guideline.  Br  J  Sports Med Mar 3, 2016
John W Orchard, Craig Ranson, Benita Olivier, Mandeep Dhillon, Janine Gray, Ben Langley, Akshai Mansingh, Isabel S Moore, Ian Murphy, Jon Patricios, Thiagarajan Alwar, Christopher J Clark, Brett Harrop, Hussain I Khan, Alex Kountouris, Mairi Macphail, Stephen Mount, Anesu Mupotaringa, David Newman, Kieran O'Reilly, Nicholas Peirce, Sohail Saleem, Dayle Shackel, Richard Stretch, Caroline F Finch International consensus statement on injury surveillance in cricket: a 2016 update.    Br J Sports Med. 2016;50:1245–1251
Anri Van Tonder, Martin Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman, Dina C Janse van Rensburg A prospective cohort study of 7031 distance runners shows that 1 in 13 report systemic symptoms of an acute illness in the 8-12 day period before a race, increasing their risk of not finishing the race 1.9 times for those runners who started the race: SAFER study IV.  Br J Sports Med 2016, 50: 939-945
Jon Patricios Tackles, tears and troubles… a South African Sports Medicine Association perspective.  Br J Sports Med 2016;50:893
E van Vollenhoven, CC Grant, Lizelle Fletcher, André Ganswindt, Patrick Collin Page Repeatability and Reliability of Heart Rate Variability in Healthy, Adult Pony Mares.  Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 46 (2016) 73–81
Torbjørn Soligard, Martin Schwellnus, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Ben Clarsen, H. Paul Dijkstra, Tim Gabbett, Michael Gleeson, Martin Hägglund, Mark R. Hutchinson, Christa Janse van Rensburg, Karim M. Khan, Romain Meeusen, John W. Orchard, Babette M. Pluim, Martin Raftery, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen Consensus statement: How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. Br J Sports Med 2016;50:1030–1041
Martin Schwellnus, Torbjørn Soligard, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Ben Clarsen, H Paul Dijkstra, Tim J. Gabbett, Michael Gleeson, Martin Hägglund, Mark R. Hutchinson, Christa Janse Van Rensburg, Karim Khan, Romain Meeusen, John W. Orchard, Babette M. Pluim, Martin Raftery, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen Consensus statement: How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. Br J Sports Med 2016;50:1043–1052
W Derman, M P Schwellnus, E Jordaan, P Runciman P Van de Vliet, C Blauwet, N Webborn, S Willick, J Stomphorst High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days.  Br J Sports Med 2016;50: 1069–1074
T Soligard, M Schwellnus, JM Alonso  Infographic. International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury: how much is too much? Br J Sports Med 2016;50:1042
Bayne, H., Elliott, B., Campbell, A., Alderson Lumbar load in adolescent fast bowlers: A prospective injury study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 19 (2016) 117–122
Published by Jill Borresen

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