The Provinces of South Africa
The Western Cape is situated in the south-western part of the country. It is the fourth largest of the nine provinces in terms of both area and population, with an area of 129,449 square kilometres (49,981 sq mi) and 5.8 million inhabitants. About two-thirds of these inhabitants live in the metropolitan area of Cape Town, which is also the provincial capital..
The Eastern Cape’s capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the "independent" Xhosa homelands of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. Landing place and home of the 1820 settlers, the central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.
The Northern Cape is the largest and most sparsely populated province of South Africa. It was created in 1994 when the Cape Province was split up. Its capital is Kimberley..
The Free State: The capital of the Free State is Bloemfontein, which is also South Africa's judicial capital. Its historical origins lie in the Orange Free State Boer republic and later Orange Free State Province. The current borders of the province date from 1994 when the Bantustans were abolished and reincorporated into South Africa.
KwaZulu-Natal, also referred to as KZN or Natal. Prior to 1994, the territory now known as KwaZulu-Natal was made up of the province of Natal and the homeland of KwaZulu. It is called the garden province and is the home of the Zulu nation. Located in the southeast of the country, the province has a long shoreline on the Indian Ocean. It borders three other provinces and the countries of Mozambique, Swaziland, and Lesotho. Its capital is Pietermaritzburg, and its largest city is Durban.
Situated in the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, with only 1.5% of the land area, but it is highly urbanised and Johannesburg and Pretoria are located therein. As of 2011, it has a population of nearly 12.3 million, making it the most populous province in South Africa.
North West is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Mahikeng. The province is located to the west of the major population centre of Gauteng.
Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa. The capital is Polokwane, formerly named Pietersburg. Limpopo is the South African province with the highest level of poverty, with 78.9% of the population living below the national poverty line.
The name means east or literally "the place where the sun rises" in Swazi, Xhosa, Ndebele and Zulu. Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, north of KwaZulu-Natal and bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It constitutes 6.5% of South Africa's land area. In the north it borders on Limpopo, to the west Gauteng, to the southwest the Free State and to the south KwaZulu-Natal. The capital is Nelspruit.
The Provinces of South Africa
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